Journal of Cancer Education

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 734–739

Beliefs about Causes of Colon Cancer by English-as-a-Second-Language Chinese Immigrant Women to Canada

Authors

  • Jennifer Elizabeth McWhirter
    • Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, Faculty of Applied Health SciencesUniversity of Waterloo
  • Laura E. Todd
    • Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, Faculty of Applied Health SciencesUniversity of Waterloo
    • Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, Faculty of Applied Health SciencesUniversity of Waterloo
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s13187-011-0258-3

Cite this article as:
McWhirter, J.E., Todd, L.E. & Hoffman-Goetz, L. J Canc Educ (2011) 26: 734. doi:10.1007/s13187-011-0258-3

Abstract

Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death for Canadians. Immigrants underutilize screening and may be at greater risk of late stage diagnosis and death from the disease. This mixed-methods study investigated the self-reported causes of colon cancer by 66 English-as-a-Second-Language Chinese immigrant women to Canada after reading a fact sheet which listed two causes of colon cancer (polyps and cause unknown) and six ways to help prevent colon cancer (lifestyle, diet, weight, smoking, alcohol, and screening). Women correctly named or described both causes (6.1%) or one cause (22.7%), could not name or describe either cause (19.7%), or named or described causes not included on the fact sheet (54.5%). The most common causes reported by participants were “risk factors”: diet (53.0%), family history (28.8%), and lifestyle (22.7%). Women confused cause with risk factor and infrequently mentioned screening. Possible reasons for their reported beliefs are discussed.

Keywords

Colon cancer Cancer beliefs Immigrants

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011