Journal of Cancer Education

, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 577–582

Evaluation of an Intervention to Enhance the Delivery of Smoking Cessation Services to Patients with Cancer

  • Marie-Helene Gosselin
  • Martin C. Mahoney
  • K. Michael Cummings
  • Thom R. Loree
  • Maureen Sullivan
  • Brian A. King
  • Graham Warren
  • Andrew Hyland
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s13187-011-0221-3

Cite this article as:
Gosselin, MH., Mahoney, M.C., Cummings, K.M. et al. J Canc Educ (2011) 26: 577. doi:10.1007/s13187-011-0221-3

Abstract

We describe a brief staff training program to improve the delivery of tobacco cessation services to patients with head and neck cancers. This study utilized a quasi-experimental design to compare the delivery of smoking cessation components and outcomes among patients exposed to either usual care (UC) or an enhanced cessation (EC) program implemented following a 1-h staff education program. Of the 179 subjects enrolled, 112 were recontacted by phone 1 month after their clinic visit. More patients in EC compared to UC reported that they were asked about their smoking status (94.2% vs. 76.6%, p = 0.01), advised to quit (92.3% vs. 72.3%, p = 0.01), prescribed cessation medications (30.8% vs. 3.3%, p < 0.001), and received a support call (53.8% vs. 11.7%, p < 0.001) at the 1-month follow-up. Quit attempts and quit rates between groups were similar. The EC intervention improved the delivery of cessation services in a busy clinical setting, but this failed to increase cessation rates after 1 month.

Keywords

Smoking cessationInterventionHead and neck cancersPharmacotherapy

Copyright information

© Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Helene Gosselin
    • 1
  • Martin C. Mahoney
    • 1
  • K. Michael Cummings
    • 1
  • Thom R. Loree
    • 2
  • Maureen Sullivan
    • 3
  • Brian A. King
    • 1
  • Graham Warren
    • 4
  • Andrew Hyland
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, Department of Health BehaviorRoswell Park Cancer InstituteBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Department of Head & Neck SurgeryRoswell Park Cancer InstituteBuffaloUSA
  3. 3.Department of Dentistry & Maxillofacial ProstheticsRoswell Park Cancer InstituteBuffaloUSA
  4. 4.Department of Radiation MedicineRoswell Park Cancer InstituteBuffaloUSA