Review of Philosophy and Psychology

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 145-169

First online:

Enactive and Behavioral Abstraction Accounts of Social Understanding in Chimpanzees, Infants, and Adults

  • Shaun GallagherAffiliated withDepartment of Philosophy, University of MemphisSchool of Humanities, University of Hertfordshire Email author 
  • , Daniel J. PovinelliAffiliated withCognitive Evolution Group, University of Louisiana

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We argue against theory-of-mind interpretation of recent false-belief experiments with young infants and explore two other interpretations: enactive and behavioral abstraction approaches. We then discuss the differences between these alternatives.