On the Diversity of Auditory Objects
- Mohan Matthen
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This paper defends two theses about sensory objects. The more general thesis is that directly sensed objects are those delivered by sub-personal processes. It is shown how this thesis runs counter to perceptual atomism, the view that wholes are always sensed indirectly, through their parts. The more specific thesis is that while the direct objects of audition are all composed of sounds, these direct objects are not all sounds—here, a composite auditory object is a temporal sequence of sounds (whereas a composite visual object is a spatial composite). Many composite objects are directly heard in the sense just mentioned. There is a great variety of such composite auditory objects—melodies, harmonies, sequences of phonemes, individual voices, meaning-carrying sounds, and so on. This diversity of auditory objects has an important application to aesthetics. Perceivers do not naturally or easily attend simultaneously to auditory objects that overlap in time. Yet, aesthetic appreciation depends on such an allocation of attention to overlapping objects.
- Bergeron, Vincent, and Mohan Matthen. 2007. Assembling the emotions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32: 185–212. CrossRef
- Bregman, Albert S. 1990. Auditory scene analysis: The perceptual organization of sound. Cambridge: Bradford Books, MIT.
- Casati, Roberto, and Jerome Dokic. 2005. Sounds. Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall Edition), ed. Edward N. Zalta. URL=<http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2005/entries/sounds/>.
- Cogan, Robert. 1969. Toward a theory of timbre: Verbal timbre and musical line in Purcell, Sessions, and Stravinsky. Perspectives of New Music 8: 75–81. CrossRef
- Firth, Roderick. 1949. Sense-data and the percept theory. Part I. Mind 57: 434–465. CrossRef
- Gallistel, C.R. 1990. The organization of learning. Cambridge: Bradford Books, MIT.
- Griffiths, Timothy D., and Jason D. Warren. 2004. What is an auditory object? Nature Reviews Neuroscience 5: 887–892. CrossRef
- Hall, Geoffrey. 1994. Pavlovian conditioning: Laws of association. In Animal learning and cognition, ed. N.J. Mackintosh, 15–43. San Diego: Academic.
- Handel, Stephen. 2006. Perceptual coherence: Hearing and seeing. New York: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
- Hatfield, Gary. 1990. The natural and the normative: Theories of spatial perception from Kant to Helmholtz. Cambridge: Bradford Books, MIT.
- Hickok, Gregory, and David Poeppel. 2007. The cortical organization of speech processing. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 8: 393–402. CrossRef
- Hoffman, Donald D. 1998. Visual intelligence: How we create what we see. New York: W. W. Norton.
- Jackson, Frank. 1977. Perception: A representative theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Kanizsa, Gaetano. 1976. Subjective contours. Scientific American 234: 48–52. CrossRef
- Kubovy, Michael, and David Van Valkenberg. 2001. Auditory and visual objects. Cognition 80: 97–126. CrossRef
- Kumar, S., K.E. Stephen, J.D. Warren, K.J. Friston, and T.D. Griffiths. 2007. Hierarchical processing of auditory objects in humans. PLoS Computational Biology 3: e100. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030100. CrossRef
- Levitin, Daniel J. 2006. This is your brain on music: The science of a human obsession. New York: Dutton.
- Lewis, David. 1966. Percepts and color mosaics in visual experience. The Philosophical Review 75: 357–68. CrossRef
- Liberman, A.M., F.S. Cooper, D.P. Shankweiler, and M. Studdert-Kennedy. 1967. Perception of the speech code. Psychological Review 74: 431–61. CrossRef
- Mackintosh, N.J. 1994. Introduction. In Animal learning and cognition, ed. N.J. Mackintosh, 1–13. San Diego: Academic.
- Matthen, Mohan. 2005. Seeing, doing, and knowing: A philosophical theory of sense-perception. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- O’Callaghan, Casey. 2009a. Sounds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- O’Callaghan, Casey. 2009b. Seeing what you hear: Cross-modal illusions and perception. Philosophical Issues.
- Pasnau, Robert. 1999. What is sound? Philosophical Quarterly 49: 309–324. CrossRef
- Pavlov, Ivan. 1904/1968. The 1904 nobel lecture, excerpted in a translation by W. Horsley Grant. In A source book in the history of psychology, ed. Richard Herrnstein, and Edwin G. Boring. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- Peterson, Mary A. 2001. Object perception. In Blackwell handbook of perception, ed. E.B. Goldsmith, 168–203. Oxford: Blackwell.
- Pylyshyn, Zenon. 1999. Is vision continuous with cognition? The case for cognitive impenetrability of visual perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22: 341–423.
- Recanzone, Gregg H. 2002. Where was that?—Human auditory spatial processing. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6: 319–20. CrossRef
- Thorndike, Edward L. 1898. Animal intelligence: An experimental study of the associative processes in animals. Psychological Review Monograph Supplement 2(No. 4): 1–109.
- Wollheim, Richard. 1973. On art and the mind. London: Allen Lane.
- On the Diversity of Auditory Objects
Review of Philosophy and Psychology
Volume 1, Issue 1 , pp 63-89
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Mohan Matthen (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology, University of Toronto, Room 316, Victoria College, 91 Charles Street West, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1K7, Canada