, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 341-360
Date: 23 Oct 2012

Supersolutions for a class of semilinear heat equations

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A semilinear heat equation \(u_{t}=\Delta u+f(u)\) with nonnegative measurable initial data is considered under the assumption that \(f\) is nonnegative and nondecreasing and \(\Omega \subseteq \mathbb R ^{n}\) . A simple technique for proving existence and regularity based on the existence of supersolutions is presented, then a method of construction of local and global supersolutions is proposed. This approach is then applied to the model case \(f(s)=s^{p}\) with initial data in \(L^{q}(\Omega )\) , for which an extension of the monotonicity-based existence argument is offered for the critical case ( \(n(p-1)/2=q>1\) ) in all dimensions. New sufficient conditions for the existence of local and global classical solutions are derived in the critical and subcritical ( \(n(p-1)/2 q>1\) ) range of parameters. Some possible generalisations of the method to a broader class of equations are discussed.