Original Research

Translational Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 228-235

Worksite wellness program implementation: a model of translational effectiveness

  • Diane L ElliotAffiliated withDivision of Health Promotion and Sports Medicine, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University Email author 
  • , David P MacKinnonAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Arizona State University
  • , Linda MabryAffiliated withDepartment of Teaching & Learning, Washington State University Vancouver
  • , Yasemin Kisbu-SakaryaAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Arizona State University
  • , Carol A DeFrancescoAffiliated withDivision of Health Promotion and Sports Medicine, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University
  • , Stephany J CoxeAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, Arizona State University
  • , Kerry S KuehlAffiliated withDivision of Health Promotion and Sports Medicine, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University
  • , Esther L MoeAffiliated withDivision of Health Promotion and Sports Medicine, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University
  • , Linn GoldbergAffiliated withDivision of Health Promotion and Sports Medicine, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University
    • , Kim C FavoriteAffiliated withNorthwest Fire Fighter Fitness Foundation

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ABSTRACT

Occupational health promotion programs with documented efficacy have not penetrated worksites. Establishing an implementation model would allow focusing on mediating aspects to enhance installation and use of evidence-based occupational wellness interventions. The purpose of the study was to implement an established wellness program in fire departments and define predictors of program exposure/dose to outcomes to define a cross-sectional model of translational effectiveness. The study is a prospective observational study among 12 NW fire departments. Data were collected before and following installation, and findings were used to conduct mediation analysis and develop a translational effectiveness model. Worker age was examined for its impact. Leadership, scheduling/competing demands, and tailoring were confirmed as model components, while organizational climate was not a factor. The established model fit data well (χ 2(9) = 25.57, CFI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.05, SRMR = 0.03). Older firefighters, nearing retirement, appeared to have influences that both enhanced and hindered participation. Findings can inform implementation of worksite wellness in fire departments, and the prioritized influences and translational model can be validated and manipulated in these and other settings to more efficiently move health promotion science to service.

KEYWORDS

Occupational wellness Mediation model Translation Firefighter