Original Article

Organisms Diversity & Evolution

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 43-59

First online:

Sympatry in Mantophasmatodea, with the description of a new species and phylogenetic considerations

  • Monika J. B. EberhardAffiliated withBehavioural Physiology, Department of Biology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Email author 
  • , Mike D. PickerAffiliated withZoology Department, University of Cape Town
  • , Klaus-Dieter KlassAffiliated withMuseum für Tierkunde, Senckenberg Naturhistorische Sammlungen Dresden

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


We describe a new genus of Mantophasmatodea, Viridiphasma gen. n. (Austrophasmatidae), represented by one new species, V. clanwilliamense sp. n. The new species differs from previously described species in features of the male and female postabdomen including the genitalia, in morphometrics and details of colouration. The new species occurs syntopically with another austrophasmatid, Karoophasma biedouwense Klass et al., 2003; this is the first well-documented case of sympatry of two mantophasmatodean species. We therefore survey the morphological differences between these two species, document the absence of any morphological evidence of hybridisation, and also report on differences in life history. While a previous molecular phylogeny using COI and 16S genes ambiguously placed V. clanwilliamense sp. n. near the base of Austrophasmatidae (but not as sister to all other Austrophasmatidae), morphological characters strongly support V. clanwilliamense sp. n. to be the sister taxon of a clade comprising all remaining Austrophasmatidae. This phylogenetic placement challenges the current hypothesis of a linear north-to-south diversification of Austrophasmatidae.


Austrophasmatidae Fynbos Morphology Sympatry Syntopy Phylogeny