Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp 155–161

The antiepileptic effect of sodium valproate during different phases of the estrous cycle in PTZ-induced seizures in rats

  • Jahangir Kaboutari
  • Morteza Zendehdel
  • Saeed Habibian
  • Mahmood Azimi
  • Mohammad Shaker
  • Behnaz Karimi
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s13105-011-0127-x

Cite this article as:
Kaboutari, J., Zendehdel, M., Habibian, S. et al. J Physiol Biochem (2012) 68: 155. doi:10.1007/s13105-011-0127-x

Abstract

Catamenial epilepsy is a form of epilepsy which is related to the menstrual cycle. Cyclic variation in the levels of ovarian hormones plays a pivotal role in its pathogenesis. Sodium valproate (VPA) is one of the oldest antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) which inhibits hepatic metabolizing enzymes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antiepileptic effects of VPA during different phases of the estrous cycle in rats. 72 adult female Wistar rats in three groups (control, 75 and 100 mg/kg VPA), each with four subgroups (proestrous, estrous, metestrous and diestrous) were used (n = 6). Initially, puberty was assessed using vaginal smears and rats with two regular cycles were selected. VPA with doses 75 and 100 mg/kg was administered intraperitoneally (i.p) in the treatment groups followed by i.p. injection of 80 mg/kg pentylentetrazol (PTZ) in the treatment and control groups. After induction of seizure by PTZ, initiation time of myoclonic seizures (ITMS), initiation time of tonic–clonic seizures (ITTS), seizures duration (SD) and mortality rate (MR) were recorded for 30 min. Data were presented as mean±SD, one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey–Kramer multiple comparison post hoc test were used for analysis of data (P < 0.05). The results of this study showed that VPA significantly improved antiepileptic parameters including ITMS, ITTS, SD, and MR, in which they were significantly more prominent during the luteal phase than the follicular phase (P < 0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference neither between proestrous and estrous nor between metestrous and diestrous in each separately group of rats (P > 0.05).

Keywords

Catamenial epilepsyEstrous cycleValproatePTZ

Copyright information

© University of Navarra 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jahangir Kaboutari
    • 1
  • Morteza Zendehdel
    • 2
  • Saeed Habibian
    • 1
  • Mahmood Azimi
    • 3
  • Mohammad Shaker
    • 1
  • Behnaz Karimi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of ShahrekordShahrekordIran
  2. 2.Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of TehranTehranIran
  3. 3.Razi Vaccine and Serum Research InstituteKarajIran