, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 202-208
Date: 13 Apr 2011

Minocycline Development for Acute Ischemic Stroke

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Minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic, has shown anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and neuroprotective effects in many models of cerebral ischemia and neurodegenerative disease. Its high penetration of the blood–brain barrier, good safety profile, and delayed therapeutic window make it an ideal candidate for use in stroke. In animal models, minocycline reduced infarct size and improved neurologic outcome when administered acutely, with similar neuroprotective benefits seen following delayed administration. To date, two early phase clinical trials have shown minocycline to be safe and potentially effective in acute ischemic stroke, alone or in combination with tissue plasminogen activator. A large efficacy clinical trial is now needed to confirm previous studies, allow for subgroup analysis, and pinpoint the potential place for minocycline in acute stroke therapy.