Mindfulness and Eating: An Experiment Examining the Effect of Mindful Raisin Eating on the Enjoyment of Sampled Food
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The present research examined whether mindful eating creates more willingness to sample foods that are typically not enjoyed and whether there is higher enjoyment in eating these foods. Participants were randomly assigned to a mindful raisin-eating task condition, a nonmindful raisin-eating task (control) condition, or a no-task baseline condition. All participants were offered anchovies, wasabi peas, and prunes to sample, after which they indicated what food they sampled and rated their enjoyment of each sampled food. Of the 411 total participants, 238 participants sampled at least one item of food. Samplers in the mindful raisin-eating task condition indicated higher levels of enjoyment of the sampled food than did samplers in either the nonmindful raisin-eating control condition or the no-task baseline condition. However, mindful eating had no effect on the likelihood of sampling food. Implications for the application of a mindful eating exercise in enhancing eating experiences, health concerns related to food, food neophobia, and picky eating are discussed.
- Bays, J. C. (2009). Mindful eating: a guide to rediscovering a healthy and joyful relationship with food. Boston: Shambala Publications, Inc.
- Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 822–848. CrossRef
- Engstrom, D. (2007). Eating mindfully and cultivating satisfaction: modifying eating patterns in a bariatric surgery patient. Bariatric Nursing and Surgical Patient Care, 2(4), 245–250. CrossRef
- Falciglia, G. A., Couch, S. C., Gribble, L. S., Pabsta, S. M., & Frank, R. (2000). Food neophobia in childhood affects dietary variety. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 100(12), 1474–1481. CrossRef
- Fotopoulos, C., Krystallis, A., Vassallo, M., & Pagiaslis, A. (2009). Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ) revisited. Suggestions for the development of an enhanced general food motivation model. Appetite, 52(1), 199–208. CrossRef
- Galloway, A. T., Lee, Y., & Birch, L. L. (2003). Predictors and consequences of food neophobia and pickiness in young girls. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 103(6), 692–698. CrossRef
- Greeson, J. M. (2009). Mindfulness research update: 2008. Complementary Health Practice Review, 14(1), 10–18.
- Greitemeyer, T. (2009). The effect of anticipated affect on persistence and performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(2), 172–186. CrossRef
- Hong, P. Y., Lishner, D. A., Han, K. H., & Huss, E. A. (2011). The positive impact of mindful eating on expectations of food liking. Mindfulness, 2(2), 103–113. CrossRef
- Hurling, R., & Martin, K. J. (2005). Perceived preservation format and food preference. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 29(6), 502–507. CrossRef
- Jacobi, C., Agras, W. S., Bryson, S., & Hammer, L. D. (2003). Behavioral validation, precursors, and concomitants of picky eating in childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(1), 76–84. CrossRef
- Kabat-Zinn, J. (2005). Coming to our senses: healing ourselves and the world through mindfulness. New York: Hyperion.
- Kabat-Zinn, J. (2006). Eating meditation. On mindfulness for beginners [CD]. Louisville: Sounds True, Inc.
- Kant, A. K. (1996). Indexes of overall diet quality: a review. Journal of the American Dietary Association, 96(8), 785–791. CrossRef
- Keng, S. L., Smoski, M. J., & Robins, C. J. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: a review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 38(6), 1041–1056. CrossRef
- Langer, E. J. (2009). Mindfulness versus positive evaluation. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Oxford handbook of positive psychology (pp. 279–293). London: Oxford University Press.
- Martins, Y., & Pliner, P. (2005). Human food choices: an examination of the factors underlying acceptance/rejection of novel and familiar animal and nonanimal foods. Appetite, 45, 214–224. CrossRef
- Martins, Y., & Pliner, P. (2006). "Ugh! That's disgusting!": identification of the characteristics of food underlying rejection based on disgust. Appetite, 46, 75–85. CrossRef
- Mascola, A. J., Bryson, S. W., & Agras, W. S. (2010). Picky eating during childhood: a longitudinal study to age 11 years. Eating Behaviors, 11(4), 253–257. CrossRef
- McNamara, C., Hay, P., Katsikitis, M., & Chur-Hansen, A. (2008). Emotional responses to food, body dissatisfaction and other eating disorder features in children, adolescents and young adults. Appetite, 50, 102–109. CrossRef
- Monneuse, M., Rigal, N., Frelut, M., Hladik, C., Simmen, B., & Pasquet, P. (2008). Taste acuity of obese adolescents and changes in food neophobia and food preferences during a weight reduction session. Appetite, 50(2/3), 302–307. CrossRef
- Mustonen, S., & Tuorila, H. (2010). Sensory education decreases food neophobia score and encourages trying unfamiliar foods in 8–12-year-old children. Food Quality and Preference, 21(4), 353–360. CrossRef
- O'Dougherty, M., Story, M., & Stang, J. (2006). Observations of parent–child co-shoppers in supermarkets: children's involvement in food selections, parental yielding, and refusal strategies. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 38(3), 183–188. CrossRef
- Shiv, B., & Nowlis, S. M. (2004). The effect of distractions while tasting a food sample: the interplay of informational and affective components in subsequent choice. Journal of Consumer Research, 31, 599–608. CrossRef
- Tuorila, H., Meiselman, H. L., Bell, R., Cardello, A. V., & Johnson, A. (1994). Role of sensory and cognitive information in the enhancement of certainty and liking for novel and familiar foods. Appetite, 23(3), 231–246. CrossRef
- van der Horst, K. (2012). Overcoming picky eating. Eating enjoyment as a central aspect of children's eating behaviors. Appetite, 58(2), 567–574. CrossRef
- Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063–1070. CrossRef
- Wayment, H. A., Wiist, B., Sullivan, B. M., & Warren, M. A. (2011). Doing and being: mindfulness, health, and quiet ego characteristics among Buddhist practitioners. Journal of Happiness Studies, 12(4), 575–589. CrossRef
- Mindfulness and Eating: An Experiment Examining the Effect of Mindful Raisin Eating on the Enjoyment of Sampled Food
Volume 5, Issue 1 , pp 80-87
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Mindful eating
- Food enjoyment
- Food neophobia
- Picky eating
- Industry Sectors