Environmental Earth Sciences

, Volume 59, Issue 2, pp 399–410

Soil erosion modeling of a Himalayan watershed using RS and GIS

Authors

    • Department of Water Resource Development and ManagementIIT Roorkee
  • Abhisekh Mathur
    • Department of Agricultural and Food EngineeringIIT Kharagpur
  • S. K. Mishra
    • Department of Water Resource Development and ManagementIIT Roorkee
  • B. C. Mal
    • Department of Agricultural and Food EngineeringIIT Kharagpur
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12665-009-0038-0

Cite this article as:
Pandey, A., Mathur, A., Mishra, S.K. et al. Environ Earth Sci (2009) 59: 399. doi:10.1007/s12665-009-0038-0

Abstract

Employing the remote sensing (RS) and geographical information system (GIS), an assessment of sediment yield from Dikrong river basin of Arunachal Pradesh (India) has been presented in this paper. For prediction of soil erosion, the Morgan-Morgan and Finney (MMF) model and the universal soil loss equation (USLE) have been utilized at a spatial grid scale of 100 m × 100 m, an operational unit. The average annual soil loss from the Dikrong river basin is estimated as 75.66 and 57.06 t ha−1 year−1 using MMF and USLE models, respectively. The watershed area falling under the identified very high, severe, and very severe zones of soil erosion need immediate attention for soil conservation.

Keywords

DEMErosionMMFGISRemote sensingUSLE

Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2009