, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 57-66
Date: 02 Oct 2011

Osteomyelitis of Maxilla in Poorly Controlled Diabetics in a Rural Indian Population

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To retrospectively analyze all patients who were diagnosed with Osteomyelitis of jaws in our unit.

Study Design

31 patients with Osteomyelitis of jaws were analyzed retrospectively from 2002 to 2008 at the Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, S.D.M College of dental sciences and hospital, Dharwad, India. Parameters considered were age, gender, jaws involved, clinical features, surgical management & complications.


Of the 31 patients, maxilla was involved in 16 patients and mandible was involved in the remaining 15. 11 out of the 16 patients with maxillary osteomyelitis were immuno-compromised. The predominant etiology noted was odontogenic infection. With the treatment protocol we have adopted, all our patients showed satisfactory resolution of the condition by 6 weeks.


Incidence of maxillary osteomyelitis & their association with diabetes mellitus was higher in our series compared to others. The cause for this high incidence was analyzed in our study. Based on our results we conclude that a conservative surgical method with an attempt to preserve vital bone and an appropriate antibiotic therapy with the correction of the underlying medical problems is adequate to treat Osteomyelitis of jaws.