Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 190–194

Anticestodal activity of Houttuynia cordata leaf extract against Hymenolepis diminuta in experimentally infected rats

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12639-011-0050-7

Cite this article as:
Yadav, A.K. & Temjenmongla J Parasit Dis (2011) 35: 190. doi:10.1007/s12639-011-0050-7

Abstract

The leaves of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (Saururaceae) are considered to have anthelmintic properties in the traditional medicine of Naga tribes in Northeast India and, therefore, are used by the natives to treat the intestinal worm infections. In the present study, the anticestodal activity of H. cordata leaf extract was investigated against Hymenolepis diminuta, a zoonotic cestode, in experimentally infected albino rats. For the assessment of anticestodal efficacy, the eggs per gram (EPG) of faeces counts and worm loads of animals were monitored following treatment with 200, 400 and 800 mg/kg p.o. doses of leaf extract to different groups of rats harbouring larval, immature and mature H. diminuta infections. The efficacy of the extract was found to be dose-dependent (P < 0.05). Further, the extract showed its maximum efficacy against the mature Hymenolepis worms. In this case, the 800 mg/kg dose of extract significantly reduced (P < 0.001) the EPG counts of animals by 57.09% and worm load by 75.00%, at post-treatment. In comparison, the reference drug praziquantel at 5 mg/kg showed a reduction in the EPG counts and worm load of experimental animals by 80.37 and 87.50%, respectively. These findings indicate that leaves of H. cordata possess significant anticestodal property and provide a rationale for their use in traditional medicine as an anthelmintic.

Keywords

AnthelminticGastro-intestinal parasitesHouttuynia cordataNeglected tropical diseasesSaururaceaeTapewormsTraditional medicine

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ZoologyNorth-Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia