, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 109-115,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 22 Mar 2011

Insights on Ceramics as Dental Materials. Part I: Ceramic Material Types in Dentistry

Abstract

Ceramics are widely used biomaterials in prosthetic dentistry due to their attractive clinical properties. They are aesthetically pleasing with their color, shade and luster, and they are chemically stable. The main constituents of dental ceramic are Si-based inorganic materials, such as feldspar, quartz, and silica. Traditional feldspar-based ceramics are also referred to as “Porcelain”. The crucial difference between a regular ceramic and a dental ceramic is the proportion of feldspar, quartz, and silica contained in the ceramic. A dental ceramic is a multiphase system, i.e. it contains a dispersed crystalline phase surrounded by a continuous amorphous phase (a glassy phase). Modern dental ceramics contain a higher proportion of the crystalline phase that significantly improves the biomechanical properties of ceramics. Examples of these high crystalline ceramics include lithium disilicate and zirconia.