, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 601-607
Date: 31 Mar 2014

The nutritional status of Dutch elderly patients with Parkinson’s disease

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Abstract

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of (risk of) undernutrition in Dutch elder Parkinson’s disease patients as well as it’s risk factors. Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Setting: An outpatient clinic at the department Neurology of Medical Centre Leeuwarden, a large teaching hospital. Participants: 102 outpatients with Parkinson’s disease aged 65 years and older were recruited. Measurements: Data regarding various aspects of undernutrition including socio-demographic aspect, disease characterisitics, nutritional status, appetite and overall-physical and psychological functioning were collected. Results: Undernutrition was diagnosed in 2.0% and 20.5% of the patients were categorized as being at risk of undernutrition. Care dependency and appetite were the two risk factors with the highest predictive value for an unfavorable nutritional status. Conclusion: Of Dutch elderly patients with Parkinson’s Disease 22.5% had an unfavourable nutritional status. Dependency and appetite were the two risk factors with the highest predictive value fort his outcome. Because undernutrition can be regarded as a geriatric syndrome a comprehensive nutritional assessment should be done followed by nutritional interventions next to interventions focused on the risk factors. Further studies are needed to evaluate these interventions.