JNHA: Nutrition

The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 14, Issue 8, pp 615-620

Influence of the consumption of fruits and vegetables on the nutritional status of a group of institutionalized elderly persons in the Madrid region

  • Aránzazu Aparicio VizueteAffiliated withDepartamento de Nutrición, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense Email author 
  • , P. AndrésAffiliated withLaboratorio de Técnicas Instrumentales, Sección Departamental de Química Analítica, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense
  • , J. M. PereaAffiliated withDepartamento de Nutrición, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense
  • , A. M. López-SobalerAffiliated withDepartamento de Nutrición, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense
  • , R. M. OrtegaAffiliated withDepartamento de Nutrición, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense

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Abstract

Aim

To determine the nutritional status in a group of institutionalized elderly people in the Madrid region of Spain, with respect to their consumption of fruits and vegetables.

Setting

The Madrid region, Spain

Participants

Men and women ➇65 years of age (n=180).

Measurements

A dietetic study undertaken using the precise weighing method (7 consecutive days). Anthropometric and blood analysis data were also recorded. The study subjects were grouped according to whether or not they consumed the WHO/FAO-recommended amount of 400 g/day of fruits and vegetables.

Results

Mean fruit and vegetable consumption was 446.77±168.80 g/day. The subjects who consumed at least 400 g/day of these foods also took in the largest total weight of food, and had the largest macronutrient, fiber, vitamin and mineral intakes. They also had higher serum and erythrocyte folate concentrations and lower plasma homocysteine concentrations than those who consumed less than the recommended 400 g/day of fruits and vegetables.

Conclusions

The subjects who consumed at least 400 g/day of fruits and vegetables generally showed a better nutritional status. It would be advisable that the consumption of such foods be relatively increased, especially by those who currently consume less than 400 g/day.

Key words

Vegetables and greens fruits elderly persons