Journal of the Geological Society of India

, Volume 79, Issue 2, pp 175-180

First online:

New cynodont record from the lower Triassic Panchet Formation, Damodar valley

  • D. P. DasAffiliated withOp: Orissa, Nayapalli, Unit VIII, Geological Survey of India
  • , Abir GuptaAffiliated withPalaeontology Division — I, Geological Survey of India Email author 

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This paper reports the find of a new non-mammalian cynodont from the Lower Triassic Panchet Formation of the Damodar valley, West Bengal, India. The fossil, recovered from a clay pellet rich calcareous sandstone bed, is a part of left lower jaw having five post canines that are damaged to various extents. A combination of mammal-like advanced characters such as much enlarged dentary, reduced post dentary bones, high coronoid process, large masseteric fossa, each post canine with a large central cusp flanked by a distal and a mesial accessory cusps with two additional lingually positioned cingular cusps, incipient root division and clearly demarcated crown-root juncture prompted to erect a new taxon Panchetocynodon damodarensis gen. et sp. nov.


Cynodont Lower Triassic Panchet Damodar Valley India