Research Article

International Journal of Advances in Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 126-139

First online:

Phase-field based simulation of microstructure evolution in technical alloy grades

  • G. J. SchmitzAffiliated withAccess e.V. Email author 
  • , B. BöttgerAffiliated withAccess e.V.
  • , J. EikenAffiliated withAccess e.V.
  • , M. ApelAffiliated withAccess e.V.
  • , A. ViardinAffiliated withAccess e.V.
  • , A. CarréAffiliated withAccess e.V.
  • , G. LaschetAffiliated withAccess e.V.

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Scope of the present article is to review the current state of the art with respect to simulation of microstructure evolution based on the multiphase-field approach in technical alloy grades. Starting from a short overview about computational thermodynamics and kinetics and respective databases for technical alloys, an engineering approach to phase-field and multiphase-field models will be depicted in order to allow for a basic explanation of these methods—in general being developed by physicists and mathematicians—for materials scientists and metallurgists. These explanations are followed by examples of applications of the multiphase-field method to solidification and solid state transformations in steels, cast iron, superalloys, Al- and Mg-alloys, solders and other alloys and compounds. The article is concluded by a short description of present and future trends.


Multiphase-field method Technical alloys Microstructure simulation Thermodynamic databases ICME