Food Security

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 157–176

The importance for food security of maintaining rust resistance in wheat

  • Márcia Soares Chaves
  • José Antônio Martinelli
  • Caroline Wesp-Guterres
  • Felipe André Sganzerla Graichen
  • Sandra Patussi Brammer
  • Sandra Mansur Scagliusi
  • Paulo Roberto da Silva
  • Paula Wiethölter
  • Gisele Abigail Montan Torres
  • Elene Yamazaki Lau
  • Luciano Consoli
  • Ana Lúcia Soares Chaves
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s12571-013-0248-x

Cite this article as:
Chaves, M.S., Martinelli, J.A., Wesp-Guterres, C. et al. Food Sec. (2013) 5: 157. doi:10.1007/s12571-013-0248-x

Abstract

Wheat is one of the main sources of calories and protein of the world’s population and therefore the pathogens that cause rust diseases of the crop are a real threat to food security. Besides the continuous evolution of rust pathogens which repeatedly results in overcoming the resistance of commercial varieties throughout the world, plant breeders are also now challenged by the impacts of global climatic changes. Agricultural practices will need to keep pace with the intensification of sustainable food production in order to face the challenge of feeding a world population estimated to reach about nine billion by 2050. Contemporary wheat breeding has increasingly focused on the future, culminating in the emergence of a global partnership for breeding new wheat varieties with resistance to rust pathogens. Plant breeding now employs a wide range of both long-established and frontier technologies aimed at achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals of ending hunger and extreme poverty (MDG1), while concurrently promoting environmental sustainability (MDG7) through global partnerships for development (MDG8).

Keywords

Breeding Food production Genetics Puccinia graminis tritici Ug99 Sustainable development United Nations Millenium Development Goals 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and International Society for Plant Pathology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Márcia Soares Chaves
    • 1
  • José Antônio Martinelli
    • 2
  • Caroline Wesp-Guterres
    • 3
  • Felipe André Sganzerla Graichen
    • 4
  • Sandra Patussi Brammer
    • 1
  • Sandra Mansur Scagliusi
    • 1
  • Paulo Roberto da Silva
    • 5
  • Paula Wiethölter
    • 1
    • 7
  • Gisele Abigail Montan Torres
    • 1
  • Elene Yamazaki Lau
    • 1
  • Luciano Consoli
    • 1
  • Ana Lúcia Soares Chaves
    • 6
  1. 1.Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA)National Wheat Research CenterPasso FundoBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Central Cooperative Gaucha Ltd.Technology Unit (CCGL TEC)Cruz AltaBrazil
  4. 4.State University of Mato Grosso do SulAquidauanaBrazil
  5. 5.Midwestern State University of ParanáGuarapuavaBrazil
  6. 6.Federal University of PelotasPelotasBrazil
  7. 7.Meridional College (IMED)Passo FundoBrazil