Creating food self reliance among the smallholder farmers of eastern Zimbabwe: exploring the role of integrated agricultural research for development
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The failure of the linear and non-participatory Agricultural Research and Development (ARD) approaches to increase food security among smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa has prompted researchers to introduce an Integrated Agricultural Research for Development (IAR4D) concept. The IAR4D concept uses Innovation Platforms (IPs) to embed agricultural research and development organizations in a network to undertake multidisciplinary and participatory research. This paper uses Zimbabwe as a case study to analyze the relevance of the technologies and innovations that are being promoted by IPs in Zimbabwe to improve food security. Using data collected through the Sub-Saharan Africa Challenge Programme, the paper shows that access to inputs, social capital, productivity enhancing technologies and market information are critical in addressing food security issues among smallholder farmers. The multi-stakeholder partnership forged through IPs should adopt a coordinated approach to provide smallholders with access to these prerequisites for food security. The paper argues that more emphasis should be put on these issues rather than on farm research initiatives whose contribution to food security appears to be less significant.
- Alayande, B. A., Olayiwola, K., & Olaniyan, O. (2000). The effects of nutrition on the productivity of rural women in Nigeria. African Journal of Economic Policy, 8(1), 47–68.
- Bilinsky, P., & Swindale, A. (2005). Months of inadequate food provisioning for measurement of household food access indicator guide, food and nutrition. Washington: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance.
- Bird, K., & Prowse, M., (2008). Vulnerability, poverty and coping in Zimbabwe. United Nations University Research paper No. 2008/41.
- Bogale, A. (2009). Household level determinants of food security in rural areas of Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. African Journal of Food Agriculture Nutrition and Development, 9(9), 1914–1926.
- Bouma, J. E., Bulte, E., & van Soest, D. (2008). Trust and cooperation: social capital and community resources management. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 56(2), 155–166. CrossRef
- Brown, J. L., & Pollit, E. (1995). Malnutrition, poverty and intellectual development. Journal of Nutrition, 125(85), 2245–2254.
- Dumanski, J. R., Peiretti, J., Benetis, D., McGray, C., (2006). The paradigm of conservation tillage. Proceedings World Association Soil and Water Conservation, 58–64.
- Giller, K. E., Witter, E., Corbeels, M., & Tittonell, P. (2009). Conservation agriculture and smallholder farming in Africa: The heretics view. Field Crops Research, 114(1), 23–24. CrossRef
- Hall A., (2005). Embedding agricultural research in a system of innovation, Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, Science forum, strengthening research-for-development capacities.
- Horrell, S., & Krishnan, P. (2007). Poverty and productivity in female-headed households in Zimbabwe. Journal of Development Studies, 43(8), 1351–1380. CrossRef
- Kydd, J., & Dorward, A. (2004). Implications of market and coordination failures for rural development in least developed countries. Journal of International Development, 16, 951–970. CrossRef
- Mapfumo, P. (2009). Integrating sustainable soil fertility management innovations in staple cereal system and other value chains to enhance livelihoods and environmental systems in Africa. Harare: Soil fertility Consortium for Southern Africa.
- Mapfumo, P., & Giller, K. E. (2001). Soil fertility management practices by smallholder farmers in semi arid areas of Zimbabwe. Hyderabad: ICRISAT/FAO.
- Munaku, E., & Chigora, P. (2010). An analysis of the coping strategies arising from food shortages in Zimbabwe, A case of Chitse and Kamutsedzere Wards in Mt Darwin from 2007–2008. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 12(2), 1–34.
- Murisa, T., (2010). Social development in Zimbabwe. Development Foundation for Zimbabwe Discussion paper.
- Mutambanengwe, F., & Mapfumo, P. (2005). Organic matter management as an underlying cause of soil fertility gradients on smallholder farms in Zimbabwe. Nutrients Cycling in Agro-ecosystems, 73, 227–243. CrossRef
- Mutangadura, G. B., (2005). Gender, HIV/AIDS and rural livelihoods in Southern Africa: addressing the challenges. Journal of Culture and African Women Studies. 7.
- Reed, M., Graves, A., Dandy, N., Posthumus, H., Hubacek, K., Morris, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C. H., & Stringer, L. C. (2009). Who is in and why? A typology of stakeholder analysis methods for natural resources management. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 1933–1949. CrossRef
- Rena, R. (2007). Agriculture development and food security policy in Eritrea—An Analysis. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 7(5), 2–17.
- Shiferaw, F., Kilmer, R., & Galdwin, P. (2003). Determinants of food security in southern Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics, 33, 351–363.
- Sub Saharan Africa Challenge Program (SSA CP). (2008). Mid Term Plan 2009 – 2010. Accra: Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa.
- Swindale, A., & Bilinsky, P. (2005). Household dietary diversity score (HDDS) for measurement of household food access: indicator guide. Washington: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance.
- Webb, P., Brann, J., & Yohannes, Y., (1992). Famine in Ethiopia: Policy implications of coping failure at national and household levels, IFPRI Research report 2.
- Wennink, B., Nederlof, E. S., & Heemskerk, W. (2007). Access of the poor to agricultural services: the role of farmers’ organizations in social inclusion. Amsterdam: KIT Publishers.
- Ziliak, J. P., & Gundersen, G., (2011). Food insecurity among the older adults. Drive to end hunger project report.
- Zingore, S. (2006). Exploring diversity within smallholder farming systems in Zimbabwe: Nutrient use efficiencies and resource management strategies for crop production. PhD Thesis. Wageningen: Wageningen University.
- Zingore, S., Murwira, H. K., Delve, R. J., & Giller, K. E. (2007). Influence of nutrient management strategies on variability of soil fertility, crop yields and nutrient balances on smallholder farms in Zimbabwe. Agricultural, Ecosystems & Environment, 119, 112–126. CrossRef
- Creating food self reliance among the smallholder farmers of eastern Zimbabwe: exploring the role of integrated agricultural research for development
Volume 4, Issue 4 , pp 647-656
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Innovation Platform
- Food Security
- Dietary diversity
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Centre for Applied Social Science, University of Zimbabwe and Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) 2008–2011, Harare, Zimbabwe
- 2. Agricultural Economics, University of Zimbabwe and Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) 2008–2011, Harare, Zimbabwe
- 3. International Centre for Tropical Agriculture, Harare, Zimbabwe
- 4. Soil Fertility Consortium for Southern Africa, CIMMYT, Harare, Zimbabwe
- 5. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Accra, Ghana