Modelling potential impact of improved survival of Indigenous Australians on work-life labour income gap between Indigenous and average Australians
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This study compares the work-life labour income of Indigenous and average Australians and assesses the potential effect of bridging the mortality gaps on their work-life earnings using a life-table model which took account of the survival, employment and income trajectories from 25 to 64 years. Age-specific employment and average annual income data were derived from the 2006 Census for three educational groups: incomplete secondary, completed secondary, and higher levels of education. Results show that depending on educational qualifications, the work-life labour income of Indigenous people is likely to be around two-fifths to two-thirds of the work-life labour income of average Australians. If Indigenous Australians were to have the same level of survival as average Australians, the work-life labour income gap would narrow by about 4–7 % points. Bridging the adult mortality gap alone has only a small effect on bridging economic gaps persisting between Indigenous and other Australians.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner. (2005). Social Justice Report 2005. Sydney.
- Altman, J. C., Biddle, N., & Hunter, B. H. (2008). How realistic are the prospects for ‘Closing the Gaps’ in socioeconomic outcomes for Indigenous Australians? Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper no. 287/2008. Canberra: Australian National University.
- Anderson, I., Crengle, S., Leialoha Kamaka, M., Chen, T.-H., Palafox, N., & Jackson-Pulver, L. (2006). Indigenous health in Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific. Lancet, 367(9524), 1775–1785. CrossRef
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2006). Census Dictionary, Australia, 2006 (Reissue). Cat no. 2901.0. Canberra.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2007a). 2006 Census tables (online database). Canberra.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2007b). Life tables, Australia, 2006. Cat no. 3302.0.55.001. Canberra.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2007c). Survey of income and housing, User guide, Australia, 2005–2006. Cat. no. 6553.0. Canberra.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2008). Average weekly earnings, Australia. Cat. no. 6302.0 Canberra.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). (2009). Experimental life tables for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, Australia, 2005–2007. cat. no. 3302.0.55.003. Canberra.
- Becker, G. S. (1962). Investment in human-capital—A theoretical analysis. Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 9–49. CrossRef
- Becker, G. S., & Mulligan, C. B. (1997). The endogenous determination of time preference. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(3), 729–758. CrossRef
- Biddle, N. (2006a). The age at which Indigenous Australians undertake qualifications: A descriptive analysis. Australian Journal of Adult Learning, 46(1), 28–50.
- Biddle, N. (2006b). Health benefits of education in Australia: Indigenous/non-Indigenous comparisons. Economic and Labour Relations Review, 17(1), 107–141.
- Biddle, N. (2007). Does it pay to go to school? The benefits of and participation in education of Indigenous Australians. PhD Thesis, Australian National University, Canberra.
- Biddle, N., & Taylor, J. (2009). Are the gaps closing? Regional trends and forecasts of Indigenous employment. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 12(3), 263–280.
- Booth, A. L., & Carroll, N. (2008). Economic status and the Indigenous/non-Indigenous health gap. Economics Letters, 99(3), 604–606. CrossRef
- Bradley, S., Draca, M., Green, C., & Leeves, G. (2007). The magnitude of educational disadvantage of indigenous minority groups in Australia. Journal of Population Economics, 20(3), 547–569. CrossRef
- Chakraborty, S., & Das, M. (2005). Mortality, human capital and persistent inequality. Journal of Economic Growth, 10(2), 159–192. CrossRef
- Daly, A. E. (1995). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the Australian labour market: 1986 and 1991. Occasional Paper. Cat. no. 6253.0. Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.
- Daly, A., & Hunter, B. (1999). Incentives to work: Replacement ratios and the cost of job loss among Indigenous Australians. Australian Economic Review, 32(3), 219–236. CrossRef
- Daly, A., & Smith, D. (1996). Policy challenges of the contemporary socio-economic status of indigenous Australian families. Australian Journal of Social Issues, 31(4), 355.
- Danziger, S. K., Kalil, A., & Anderson, N. J. (2000). Human capital, physical health, and mental health of welfare recipients: Co-occurrence and correlates. Journal of Social Issues, 56(4), 635–654. CrossRef
- Day, J. C., & Newburger, E. C. (2002). The big payoff: Educational attainment and synthetic estimates of work-life earnings. US Census Bureau. Available at: http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/p23-210.pdf.
- Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs. (2009). Closing the gap on Indigenous disadvantage: The challenge for Australia. Canberra.
- Drummond, M., Sculpher, M., Torrance, G., O’Brien, B., & Stoddart, G. (2005). Methods for the economic evaluation of health care programmes (3rd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Halchuk, P. (2006). Measuring employment outcomes for Indigenous Australians. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 9(2), 201.
- Hunter, B. H., Kinfu, Y., & Taylor, J. (2003). The future of Indigenous work: Forecasts of labour force status to 2011. Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper no. 251/2003. Canberra: Australian National University.
- Junankar, P. N., & Liu, J. (2003). Estimating the social rate of return of education for Indigenous Australians. Education Economics, 11(2), 169–192. CrossRef
- King, M., Smith, A., & Gracey, M. (2009). Indigenous health part 2: The underlying causes of the health gap. Lancet, 374(9683), 76–85. CrossRef
- Meara, E. R., Richards, S., & Cutler, D. M. (2008). The gap gets bigger: Changes in mortality and life expectancy, by education, 1981–2000. Health Affairs, 27(2), 350–360. CrossRef
- Mirowsky, J., & Ross, C. E. (1998). Education, personal control, lifestyle and health—A human capital hypothesis. Research on Aging, 20(4), 415–449. CrossRef
- Nepal, B., Brown, L., Ranmuthugala, G., & Percival, R. (2008). Lifetime health and economic consequences of caring: Modelling health and economic prospects of female carers in Australia. Commonwealth Financial Planning, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Sydney.
- Pholi, K., Black, D., & Richards, R. C. (2009). Is ‘Close the Gap’a useful approach to improving the health and wellbeing of Indigenous Australians? Australian Review of Public Affairs, 9(2), 1–13.
- Ross, R. (2006). Health. In B. H. Hunter (Ed.), Assessing the evidence on Indigenous socioeconomic outcomes: A focus on the 2002 NATSISS (pp. 213–229). Canberra: ANU Epress.
- Schultz, T. W. (1961). Investment in human capital. American Economic Review, 51(1–2), 1–17.
- Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (SCRGSP). (2007). Overcoming Indigenous disadvantage: Key indicators 2007. Canberra.
- Subramanian, S. V., Smith, G. D., & Subramanyam, M. (2006). Indigenous health and socioeconomic status in India. PLoS Medicine, 3(10), e421. CrossRef
- Trendle, B. (2007). The labour market and apprenticeship retention in Queensland traditional trades. Queensland: Labour Market Research Unit, Department of Education, Training and the Arts.
- Watson, N. (2008). The household, income and labour dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey user manual—Release 6. Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, University of Melbourne. Melbourne.
- Wei, H. (2001). Measuring the stock of human capital for Australia: A lifetime labour income approach. ABS cat. no. 1352.0.55.045. Canberra.
- Weisbrod, B. A. (1961). The valuation of human capital. Journal of Political Economy, 69(5), 425–436. CrossRef
- Modelling potential impact of improved survival of Indigenous Australians on work-life labour income gap between Indigenous and average Australians
Journal of Population Research
Volume 29, Issue 2 , pp 157-171
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Lifetime income