, Volume 86, Issue 2, pp 175-185

Insects from the Buntsandstein of Lower Franconia and Thuringia

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Abstract

Upper Buntsandstein deposits (mainly Myophoria beds, Röt Formation, Early Anisian) in Lower Franconia and Thuringia have yielded a rather rich insect fauna comprising ca. 300 insect specimens assigned to ten orders: Archaeognatha (Dasyleptidae), Ephemeroptera, Blattodea, Grylloblattida, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Glosselytrodea, Coleoptera, Mecoptera and Diptera. The systematic list of recorded insects is provided. Two species are identified as Triassodotes vogesiacus Sinitshenkova, Marchal-Papier, Grauvogel-Stamm et Gall, 2005 (Ephemeroptera: Misthodotidae) and Pseudopolycentropus triasicus Papier, Nel et Grauvogel-Stamm, 1996 (Mecoptera), which were previously described from the “Grès à Voltzia” Formation of the Vosges, the stratigraphically closest insect fauna. All grylloblattid specimens are identified as Chauliodites picteti Heer, 1864 (Chaulioditidae), known previously from the Middle Buntsandstein of Gödewitz, Saxony-Anhalt. The new genus and species Hammephemera pulchra Sinitshenkova, gen. et sp. n. (Ephemeroptera: Sharephemeridae) is described.

Kurzfassung

Der Oberen Buntsandstein (hauptsächlich aus Myophorien-Schichten, Röt Formation, Unter-Anisium) in Unterfranken und Thüringen bringt ziemlich reiche Insektenfauna, in der ca. 300 Exemplare festgestellt wurden, die zu zehn Ordnungen gehören: Archaeognatha (Dasyleptidae), Ephemeroptera, Blattodea, Grylloblattida, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Glosselytrodea, Coleoptera, Mecoptera und Diptera. Zwei Arten, Triassodotes vogesiacus Sinitshenkova, Marchal-Papier, Grauvogel-Stamm et Gall, 2005 (Ephemeroptera: Misthodotidae) und Pseudopolycentropus triasicus Papier, Nel et Grauvogel-Stamm, 1996 (Mecoptera) sind auch in der stratigraphisch nächsten Insektenfauna der “Grès à Voltzia” Formation der Vogesen verbreitet. Alle Grylloblattiden-Reste werden zu Chauliodites picteti Heer, 1864 (Chaulioditidae) gestellt. Neu aufgestellt werden eine neue Gattung und Art der Sharephemeridae (Ephemeroptera): Hammephemera pulchra Sinitshenkova, gen. et sp. n.