, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 403-488

European Guidelines on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (Version 2012)

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Other ESC entities having participated in the development of this document: Associations: European Association of Echocardiography (EAE), European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), Heart Failure Association (HFA) Working Groups: Acute Cardiac Care, e-Cardiology, Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Drug Therapy, Hypertension and the Heart Councils: Basic Cardiovascular Science, Cardiology Practice, Cardiovascular Imaging, Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions, Cardiovascular Primary Care
The content of these European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines has been published for personal and educational use only. No commercial use is authorized. No part of the ESC Guidelines may be translated or reproduced in any form without written permission from the ESC. Permission can be obtained upon submission of a written request to Oxford University Press, the publisher of the European Heart Journal and the party authorized to handle such permissions on behalf of the ESC. Carlos Brotons (Spain), Gunilla Burell (Sweden), Antonio Ceriello (Spain), Johan De Sutter (Belgium), Jaap Deckers (The Netherlands), Stefano Del Prato (Italy), Hans-Christoph Diener (Germany), Donna Fitzsimons (UK), Zlatko Fras (Slovenia), Rainer Hambrecht (Germany), Piotr Jankowski (Poland), Ulrich Keil (Germany), Mike Kirby (UK), Mogens Lytken Larsen (Denmark), Giuseppe Mancia (Italy), Athanasios J. Manolis (Greece), John McMurray (UK), Andrzej Paja˛k (Poland), Alexander Parkhomenko (Ukraine), Loukianos Rallidis (Greece), Fausto Rigo (Italy), Evangelista Rocha (Portugal), Luis Miguel Ruilope (Spain), Enno van der Velde (The Netherlands), Diego Vanuzzo (Italy), Margus Viigimaa (Estonia), Massimo Volpe (Italy), Olov Wiklund (Sweden), Christian Wolpert (Germany).