, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 1-4
Date: 29 Jan 2011

Editorial - Arctic Ocean Diversity: synthesis

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The most fundamental attributes of marine ecosystems are their Communities associated species composition, along with their specific abundances and biomass. Process-oriented understanding of rates and interactions within ecosystems hinges on this first-order descriptive framework. While we know the major species and understand their roles in many parts of the world ocean, the fragmented nature of discrete studies has not fostered synthetic approaches. The societal need for such basic information has increased in recent decades as major facets of the human footprint are altering marine communities around the globe (i.e. climate change, species invasions, fisheries effects, oil and gas exploration, tourism). To understand such change, biodiversity studies spanning species inventories to functional linkages between diversity and ecosystems are necessary. Within this context, as well as driven by simple human curiosity, the International Census of Marine Life (CoML) was launched in 2000 (Y ...

This article belongs to the special issue “Arctic Ocean Diversity Synthesis”