, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 267-275
Date: 05 Oct 2011

Heterotopic autotransplantation of vitrified mouse ovary

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the survival and development of premature follicles and oocytes from a vitrified-transplanted ovary in a murine experimental model.

Methods

The 14-day-old mice were unilaterally ovariectomized and the separated ovaries were vitrified by cryotop. After 2 weeks the ovaries were warmed and autotransplanted into the gluteus superfiscialis muscle. After 3 weeks, these ovaries (vit-trans), the ovaries from the opposite side (OPP), and 7-week fresh mouse ovaries as sham and control group (7 week-fresh), were recovered and examined histologically and by TUNEL test.

Results

All 4 vitrified-autotransplanted ovaries had developing follicles. Primordial, primary, preantral and antral follicles were found in all three groups (7 week-fresh, OPP and vit-trans). The rate of apoptosis by TUNEL test was similar in all groups and no significant difference was found between vitrified-transplanted ovarian tissue and controls.

Conclusions

These data demonstrate successful autotransplantation of vitrified whole mouse ovaries, manifested by the presence of all stages of folliculogenesis. According to the results of this experiment, heterotopic autotransplantation of whole cryopreserved ovary provides the opportunity for follicle development at all stages. However, further experiments are required to improve the efficiency of autotransplantation of cryopreserved ovaries to obtain better results.