World Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 135–139

Prevalence and regional distribution of childhood overweight and obesity in Shandong Province, China

Authors

    • Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention
    • Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Shu-Rong Wang
    • Shandong Blood Center
Original article

DOI: 10.1007/s12519-012-0392-y

Cite this article as:
Zhang, Y. & Wang, S. World J Pediatr (2013) 9: 135. doi:10.1007/s12519-012-0392-y

Abstract

Background

The rising prevalence of childhood obesity was observed in China. This study assessed the prevalence and district distribution of childhood obesity in Shandong Province, China.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the province. A total of 42 275 students (21 222 boys and 21 053 girls) aged 7–18 years from 16 districts participated in this study. Height and body weight of all subjects were measured, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was obtained according to the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) cut-offs.

Results

In 2010, the prevalence rates of combined overweight and obesity reached 26.86% in urban boys, 18.32% in rural boys, 14.36% in urban girls, and 11.31% in rural girls, respectively. An increasing trend was observed in the prevalence of overweight and obesity from the low socioeconomic status (SES) group to the moderate and high SES groups. The prevalence rates of combined overweight and obesity in the three SES groups were 18.46%, 21.08% and 27.31% in boys and 10.43%, 12.42% and 15.18% in girls, respectively.

Conclusions

There is a high level of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Shandong Province, China. The distribution of childhood obesity is positively associated with the regional SES.

Key words

child and adolescentdistrict differenceprevalenceobesityoverweight

Copyright information

© Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013