Foreskin development in 10 421 Chinese boys aged 0–18 years
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Few studies on foreskin development and the practice of circumcision have been done in Chinese boys. This study aimed to determine the natural development process of foreskin in children.
A total of 10 421 boys aged 0 to 18 years were studied. The condition of foreskin was classified into type I (phimosis), type II (partial phimosis), type III (adhesion of prepuce), type IV (normal), and type V (circumcised). Other abnormalities of the genitalia were also determined.
The incidence of a completely retractile foreskin increased from 0% at birth to 42.26% in adolescence; however, the phimosis rate decreased with age from 99.7% to 6.81%. Other abnormalities included web penis, concealed penis, cryptorchidism, hydrocele, micropenis, inguinal hernia, and hypospadias.
Incomplete separation of foreskin is common in children. Since it is a natural phenomenon to approach the adult condition until puberty, circumcision should be performed with cautions in children.
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- Foreskin development in 10 421 Chinese boys aged 0–18 years
World Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 5, Issue 4 , pp 312-315
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- SP Children’s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine
- Additional Links
- external genitalia
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Pediatric Oncology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
- 2. Department of Pediatric Urology, Children’s Hospital, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
- 3. 136 Zhongshan 2nd Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400014, China