, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 247-251,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 18 May 2010

Privacy by design: the definitive workshop. A foreword by Ann Cavoukian, Ph.D

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In November, 2009, a prominent group of privacy professionals, business leaders, information technology specialists, and academics gathered in Madrid to discuss how the next set of threats to privacy could best be addressed.

The event, Privacy by Design: The Definitive Workshop, was co-hosted by my office and that of the Israeli Law, Information and Technology Authority. It marked the latest step in a journey that I began in the 1990’s, when I first focused on enlisting the support of technologies that could enhance privacy. Back then, privacy protection relied primarily upon legislation and regulatory frameworks—in an effort to offer remedies for data breaches, after they had occurred. As information technology became increasingly interconnected and the volume of personal information collected began to explode, it became clear that a new way of thinking about privacy was needed.

Privacy-Enhancing Technologies (PETs) paved the way for that new direction, highlighting how the universal pr ...