, Volume 30, Issue 12, pp 1067-1085,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 28 Nov 2013

The Dipeptidyl Peptidase (DPP)-4 Inhibitors for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Challenging Patient Groups

Abstract

Treating hyperglycemia is a critical aspect of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but can be especially challenging in patients from vulnerable groups such as those with chronic kidney disease, African Americans, and older people. The dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors are relatively new oral antidiabetes drugs that have been incorporated into treatment algorithms over the past few years and have also been studied in these vulnerable patients. Clinical trials with DPP-4 inhibitors have now been reported for all these patient groups and have demonstrated significant improvements in measures of hyperglycemia, with a good safety profile. Based on the current evidence, it appears that the DPP-4 inhibitors are worthy of consideration not only for the most straightforward patients with T2DM, but also for these vulnerable patients.