Advances in Therapy

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 9–16

Treating trismus with dynamic splinting: A cohort, case series

  • David H. Shulman
  • Barry Shipman
  • F. Buck Willis
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12325-008-0007-0

Cite this article as:
Shulman, D.H., Shipman, B. & Willis, F.B. Adv Therapy (2008) 25: 9. doi:10.1007/s12325-008-0007-0

Abstract

Introduction

The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effect of the Dynasplint® Trismus System (DTS; Dynasplint Systems Inc, Severna Park, Md, USA) for patients who were recently diagnosed with trismus following radiation therapy, dental treatment, oral surgery, or following a neural pathology such as a stroke.

Methods

We reviewed 48 patient histories (treated in 2006–2007), and divided into 4 cohort groups (radiation therapy for head/neck cancer, dental treatment, oral surgery, or stroke), to measure the efficacy of this treatment’s modality. Patients were prescribed the DTS after diagnosis of trismus based on examination that showed <40 mm maximal interincisal distance. The DTS uses low-load, prolonged-duration stretch with replicable, dynamic tension to achieve longer time at end range (of motion). Each patient used this device for 20–30 min, 3 times per d.

Results

This cohort case series showed that there was a statistically significant difference within all patient groups (P<0.0001; t=10.3289), but there was not a significant difference between groups (P=0.374).

Conclusion

The biomechanical modality of DTS with a low-load, prolonged-duration stretch was attributed to the success in reducing contracture in this study. This improved range of motion, allowing patients to regain the eating, hygiene and speaking patterns they had before developing trismus.

Keywords

contracture reductionDynasplintinterincisal distancerange of motion

Copyright information

© Springer Healthcare Communications 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David H. Shulman
    • 1
  • Barry Shipman
    • 2
  • F. Buck Willis
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Shulman & Associates Physical TherapyTowsonUSA
  2. 2.Mount Sinai Medical Center, Oral SurgeryMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Dynasplint Systems Inc Clinical ResearchSeverna ParkUSA
  4. 4.Texas State UniversitySan MarcosUSA
  5. 5.AustinUSA