The Cerebellum

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 386–410

Consensus Paper: Language and the Cerebellum: an Ongoing Enigma

Authors

    • Department of Clinical and Experimental Neurolinguistics, CLIN
    • Department of NeurologyZNA Middelheim General Hospital
    • Vlaams Academisch Centrum (VLAC)Advanced Studies Institute of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Sciences and the Arts
  • Herman Ackermann
    • Department of General Neurology, Center of NeurologyHertie-Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen
  • Michael Adamaszek
    • Center of Neurologic Rehabilitation, Cognitive NeurophysiologyUniversity of Leipzig
  • Caroline H. S. Barwood
    • Centre for Neurogenic Communication Disorders Research, School of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesThe University of Queensland
  • Alan Beaton
    • Department of PsychologySwansea University and Department of Psychology
  • John Desmond
    • Department of NeurologyJohns Hopkins University
  • Elke De Witte
    • Department of Clinical and Experimental Neurolinguistics, CLIN
  • Angela J. Fawcett
    • Centre for Child ResearchUniversity of Swansea
  • Ingo Hertrich
    • Department of General Neurology, Center of NeurologyHertie-Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen
  • Michael Küper
    • Department of NeurologyUniversity of Duisburg-Essen
  • Maria Leggio
    • Department of PsychologySapienza University of Rome
    • I.R.C.C.S. Santa Lucia Foundation
  • Cherie Marvel
    • Department of NeurologyJohns Hopkins University
  • Marco Molinari
    • I.R.C.C.S. Santa Lucia Foundation
  • Bruce E. Murdoch
    • Centre for Neurogenic Communication Disorders Research, School of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesThe University of Queensland
  • Roderick I. Nicolson
    • Department of PsychologyThe University of Sheffield
  • Jeremy D. Schmahmann
    • Ataxia Unit, Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology Unit, Laboratory for Neuroanatomy and Cerebellar NeurobiologyDepartment of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School
  • Catherine J. Stoodley
    • Department of PsychologyAmerican University Washington
  • Markus Thürling
    • Department of NeurologyUniversity of Duisburg-Essen
  • Dagmar Timmann
    • Department of NeurologyUniversity of Duisburg-Essen
  • Ellen Wouters
    • Department of Clinical and Experimental Neurolinguistics, CLIN
    • Department of NeurologyZNA Middelheim General Hospital
  • Wolfram Ziegler
    • Clinical Neuropsychology Research GroupClinic for Neuropsychology, City Hospital
    • Institute of Phonetics and Speech ProcessingLudwig-Maximilian University
Consensus Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s12311-013-0540-5

Cite this article as:
Mariën, P., Ackermann, H., Adamaszek, M. et al. Cerebellum (2014) 13: 386. doi:10.1007/s12311-013-0540-5

Abstract

In less than three decades, the concept “cerebellar neurocognition” has evolved from a mere afterthought to an entirely new and multifaceted area of neuroscientific research. A close interplay between three main strands of contemporary neuroscience induced a substantial modification of the traditional view of the cerebellum as a mere coordinator of autonomic and somatic motor functions. Indeed, the wealth of current evidence derived from detailed neuroanatomical investigations, functional neuroimaging studies with healthy subjects and patients and in-depth neuropsychological assessment of patients with cerebellar disorders shows that the cerebellum has a cardinal role to play in affective regulation, cognitive processing, and linguistic function. Although considerable progress has been made in models of cerebellar function, controversy remains regarding the exact role of the “linguistic cerebellum” in a broad variety of nonmotor language processes. This consensus paper brings together a range of different viewpoints and opinions regarding the contribution of the cerebellum to language function. Recent developments and insights in the nonmotor modulatory role of the cerebellum in language and some related disorders will be discussed. The role of the cerebellum in speech and language perception, in motor speech planning including apraxia of speech, in verbal working memory, in phonological and semantic verbal fluency, in syntax processing, in the dynamics of language production, in reading and in writing will be addressed. In addition, the functional topography of the linguistic cerebellum and the contribution of the deep nuclei to linguistic function will be briefly discussed. As such, a framework for debate and discussion will be offered in this consensus paper.

Keywords

CerebellumLanguageSpeechSpeech perceptionApraxia of speechWorking memoryVerbal fluencySyntaxPhonologySemanticsAphasiaImagingAgraphiaDyslexiaFunctional topographyImagingfMRISPECT

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013