The Cerebellum

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 925–930

Volumetric Analysis of Cerebellum in Short-Track Speed Skating Players

  • In Sung Park
  • Nam Joon Lee
  • Tae-Young Kim
  • Jin-Hoon Park
  • Yu-Mi Won
  • Yong-Ju Jung
  • Jin-Hwan Yoon
  • Im Joo Rhyu
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s12311-012-0366-6

Cite this article as:
Park, I.S., Lee, N.J., Kim, T. et al. Cerebellum (2012) 11: 925. doi:10.1007/s12311-012-0366-6

Abstract

The cerebellum is associated with balance control and coordination, which might be important for gliding on smooth ice at high speeds. A number of case studies have shown that cerebellar damage induces impaired balance and coordination. As a positive model, therefore, we investigated whether plastic changes in the volumes of cerebellar subregions occur in short-track speed skating players who must have extraordinary abilities of balance and coordination, using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging volumetry. The manual tracing was performed and the volumes of cerebellar hemisphere and vermian lobules were compared between short-track speed skating players (n = 16) and matched healthy controls (n = 18). We found larger right cerebellar hemisphere volume and vermian lobules VI–VII (declive, folium, and tuber) in short-track speed skating players in comparison with the matched controls. The finding suggests that the specialized abilities of balance and coordination are associated with structural plasticity of the right hemisphere of cerebellum and vermian VI–VII and these regions play an essential role in balance and coordination.

Keywords

BalanceCoordinationMagnetic resonance imagingSports

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • In Sung Park
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Nam Joon Lee
    • 3
  • Tae-Young Kim
    • 4
  • Jin-Hoon Park
    • 5
  • Yu-Mi Won
    • 4
  • Yong-Ju Jung
    • 5
  • Jin-Hwan Yoon
    • 2
  • Im Joo Rhyu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyKorea University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Sports ScienceHan Nam UniversityDaejeonSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyKorea University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  4. 4.College of EducationHankuk University of Foreign StudiesSeoulSouth Korea
  5. 5.Department of Physical EducationKorea UniversitySeoulSouth Korea