Oxidative stress in Parkinson’s disease
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Oxidative stress contributes to the cascade, leading to dopamine cell degeneration in Parkinson’s disease. However, oxidative stress is intimately linked to other components of the degenerative process, such as mitochondrial dysfunction, excitotoxicity, nitric oxide toxicity and inflammation. It is therefore difficult to determine whether oxidative stress leads to or is a consequence of, these events. Oxidative stress was assessed by estimating lipid peroxidation product in the form of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, nitric oxide in the form of nitrite & nitrate. Enzymatic antioxidants in the form of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, ceruloplasmin and non enzymatic antioxidant vitamins e.g. vitamin E and C in either serum or plasma or erythrocyte in 40 patients of Parkinson’s disease in the age group 40–80 years. Trace elements e.g. copper, zinc and selenium were also estimated. Plasma thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and nitric oxide levels were Significantly high but superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, ceruloplasmin, vitamin-E, vitamin-C, copper, zinc and selenium levels were significantly low in Parkinson’s disease when compared with control subjects. Present study showed that elevated oxidative stress may be playing a role in dopaminergic neuronal loss in substentia nigra pars compacta and involved in pathogenesis of the Parkinson’s disease.
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- Oxidative stress in Parkinson’s disease
Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
Volume 24, Issue 1 , pp 98-101
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Oxidative stress
- Parkinson’s disease
- Author Affiliations
- 2. Department of Biochemistry, Government Medical College, Miraj, India
- 3. Department of Biochemistry, Belgaum Institute of Medical Sciences, Civil Hospital Campus, Belgaum, 590001, Karnataka, India
- 1. KIMS, Karad, Maharashtra, India