Mycoplasma pneumonia Infection: A Possible Trigger for Immune Thrombocytopenia

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Abstract

Mycoplasma pneumonia (M. pneumonia) is usually not considered among the several pathogens that induce immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). We report a child with a clinical diagnosis of severe ITP that was associated with M. pneumonia pneumonia, and review the few cases described in the English literature. We suggest that thrombocytopenia associated with M. pneumonia infection may constitute a subset of ITP, although unlike ITP it occurs concomitantly with the infection and tends to be more severe than “classic” ITP. We recommend that prompt specific antibiotic and immune modulating treatment should be initiated in appropriate clinical settings.