Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 46–50

Mycoplasma pneumonia Infection: A Possible Trigger for Immune Thrombocytopenia

  • Shraga Aviner
  • Hagit Miskin
  • Daniel London
  • Shulamith Horowitz
  • Menachem Schlesinger
Case Report

DOI: 10.1007/s12288-011-0054-6

Cite this article as:
Aviner, S., Miskin, H., London, D. et al. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus (2011) 27: 46. doi:10.1007/s12288-011-0054-6

Abstract

Mycoplasma pneumonia (M. pneumonia) is usually not considered among the several pathogens that induce immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). We report a child with a clinical diagnosis of severe ITP that was associated with M. pneumonia pneumonia, and review the few cases described in the English literature. We suggest that thrombocytopenia associated with M. pneumonia infection may constitute a subset of ITP, although unlike ITP it occurs concomitantly with the infection and tends to be more severe than “classic” ITP. We recommend that prompt specific antibiotic and immune modulating treatment should be initiated in appropriate clinical settings.

Keywords

ImmuneMycoplasmaPneumoniaThrombocytopenia

Copyright information

© Indian Society of Haematology & Transfusion Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shraga Aviner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hagit Miskin
    • 3
    • 4
  • Daniel London
    • 2
    • 5
  • Shulamith Horowitz
    • 2
    • 6
  • Menachem Schlesinger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsBarzilai Medical CenterAshkelonIsrael
  2. 2.Faculty of Health SciencesBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsShaare Zedek Medical CenterJerusalemIsrael
  4. 4.The Hebrew University Faculty of MedicineJerusalemIsrael
  5. 5.Radiology DepartmentBarzilai Medical CenterAshkelonIsrael
  6. 6.The National Center for Mycoplasma, Clalit Health ServicesSoroka University Medical CenterBeer-ShevaIsrael