Breast Cancer

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 219–222

Identification of sentinel lymph node location based on body surface landmarks in early breast cancer patients

  • Naoko Ueda
  • Keiichiro Tada
  • Satoshi Miyata
  • Mitsuru Koizumi
  • Yoshikazu Kuroda
  • Takuji Iwase
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12282-008-0086-4

Cite this article as:
Ueda, N., Tada, K., Miyata, S. et al. Breast Cancer (2009) 16: 219. doi:10.1007/s12282-008-0086-4
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Abstract

Background

It would be extremely useful if the location of the sentinel lymph node in breast cancer could be identified based on body surface landmarks. However, the identification of the sentinel node location by using surface landmarks in many reports is based on empirical methodologies.

Methods

We studied the distribution of the sentinel node location in 70 breast cancer patients based on the lateral line of the major pectoral muscle, the axillary skin fold that divides the trunk and the upper arm, and the nipple of the breast.

Results

The location of the sentinel node could be predicted using an ellipse with a semi-major axis of 2.8 cm and a semi-minor axis of 2.2 cm with a probability of 95% for a patient with the mean body size.

Conclusion

Our data demonstrate that the location of the sentinel nodes can be predicted within a narrow area based on body landmarks.

Keywords

Sentinel lymph node Early breast cancer Body surface landmark 

Copyright information

© The Japanese Breast Cancer Society 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naoko Ueda
    • 1
    • 4
  • Keiichiro Tada
    • 1
  • Satoshi Miyata
    • 2
  • Mitsuru Koizumi
    • 3
  • Yoshikazu Kuroda
    • 4
  • Takuji Iwase
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Breast SurgeryCancer Institute HospitalTokyoJapan
  2. 2.The Genome CenterJapanese Foundation for Cancer ResearchTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyCancer Institute HospitalTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Division of Gastroenterological Surgery, Department of Clinical Molecular Medicine, Graduate School of Medical SciencesKobe UniversityKobeJapan