Preventing Death from HIV-Associated Cryptococcal Meningitis: The Way Forward
Epidemiologic Aspects of Fungal Infections (Tom M. Chiller, Section Editor)
First Online: 06 October 2011 DOI:
10.1007/s12281-011-0070-x Cite this article as: Roy, M. & Chiller, T.M. Curr Fungal Infect Rep (2011) 5: 206. doi:10.1007/s12281-011-0070-x Abstract
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM), a fungal disease caused by
Cryptococcus species, is one of the most common opportunistic infections among persons with HIV/AIDS. The highest burden of disease is in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, where limited access to antiretroviral treatment and appropriate antifungal therapy contributes to high mortality rates. Increasing focus has been placed on earlier detection and prevention of disease. Primary prophylaxis and screening may provide a survival benefit and can be cost-effective in settings where CM prevalence is high. The development of a new point-of-care cryptococcal antigen assay has the potential to transform both disease prevention and diagnosis. Keywords HIV Cryptococcal meningitis Cryptococcus Antiretroviral treatment Cryptococcal antigen assay AIDS HAART Prophylaxis Detection Prevention Point-of-care assay Developing countries Screening References Papers of particular interest, published recently, have been highlighted as: • Of importance •• Of major importance
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