Epidemiologic Aspects of Fungal Infections (Tom M. Chiller, Section Editor)

Current Fungal Infection Reports

, 5:193

First online:

Penicillium marneffei Infection: Knowledge, Gaps, and Future Directions

  • Alanna StoneAffiliated withCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
  • , Benjamin J. ParkAffiliated withCenters for Disease Control and Prevention Email author 

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Penicilliosis is a disease caused by Penicillium marneffei, a fungus endemic to Southeast Asia. Prior to the HIV/AIDS epidemic, infection was exceedingly rare, but penicilliosis is currently one of the most common opportunistic infections in persons with HIV/AIDS in some Asian countries. This paper describes the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and epidemiology of this emerging opportunistic infection and will focus on some gaps in our knowledge and directions for future research.


Penicilliosis Penicillium marneffei HIV/AIDS Fungus Opportunistic infection Immunosuppression Diagnosis Epidemiology Symptoms Prophylaxis Prevention