Article

Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research

, Volume 6, Issue 6, pp 931-944

First online:

Transcriptional Network Analysis for the Regulation of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Microvascular Remodeling

  • Aida Moreno-MoralAffiliated withMedical Research Council (MRC) Clinical Sciences Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital
  • , Massimiliano ManciniAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Oncology and Pathology, Sapienza University of Rome
  • , Giulia D’AmatiAffiliated withDepartment of Radiology, Oncology and Pathology, Sapienza University of Rome
  • , Paolo CamiciAffiliated withSan Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University
  • , Enrico PetrettoAffiliated withMedical Research Council (MRC) Clinical Sciences Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Email author 

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Abstract

Hypertension and cardiomyopathies share maladaptive changes of cardiac morphology, eventually leading to heart failure. These include left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), myocardial fibrosis, and structural remodeling of coronary microcirculation, which is the morphologic hallmark of coronary microvascular dysfunction. To pinpoint the complex molecular mechanisms and pathways underlying LVH-associated cardiac remodeling independent of blood pressure effects, we employed gene network approaches to the rat heart. We used the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat model showing many features of human hypertensive cardiomyopathy, for which we collected histological and histomorphometric data of the heart and coronary vasculature, and genome-wide cardiac gene expression. Here, we provide a large catalogue of gene co-expression networks in the heart that are significantly associated with quantitative variation in LVH, microvascular remodeling, and fibrosis-related traits. Many of these networks were significantly conserved to human idiopathic and/or ischemic cardiomyopathy patients, suggesting a potential role for these co-expressed genes in human heart disease.

Keywords

Gene regulatory networks Left ventricular hypertrophy Cardiac fibrosis Coronary microvascular remodeling Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR)