Variants in the promoter region of CYP7A1 are associated with neuromyelitis optica but not with multiple sclerosis in the Han Chinese population
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- Zhao, G., Liu, Y., Li, Z. et al. Neurosci. Bull. (2013) 29: 525. doi:10.1007/s12264-013-1347-6
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) and neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are common autoimmune demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system. The exact etiology of each remains unclear. CYP7A1 was reported to be associated with NMO in Korean patients, but this is yet to be confirmed in other populations. In this study, we used Sanger sequencing to detect SNPs in the promoter region of CYP7A1 in a population consisting of unrelated patients and controls from the Han Chinese population (129 MS; 89 NMO; 325 controls). Two known SNPs, −204A>C (rs3808607) and −469T>C (rs3824260), and a novel SNP (−208G>C) were identified in the 5′-UTR of CYP7A1. The −204A>C was in complete linkage with −469T>C and both were associated with NMO but not with MS. Results suggest that the CYP7A1 allele was associated with NMO. NMO and MS have different genetic risk factors. This further supports the emerging evidence that MS and NMO are distinct disorders.