Nutrients: the environmental regulation of cardiovascular gene expression
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- Minieri, M. & Di Nardo, P. Genes Nutr (2007) 2: 163. doi:10.1007/s12263-007-0048-z
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The complexity of nutrient–gene interactions has led to the development of a new branch in the nutrition sciences, the nutrigenomics. The individual susceptibility to nutrients based on environment → genotype → phenotype interplay makes this new research field extremely promising although complex. In this review, we highlight and examine recent findings and the most relevant hypotheses on the role of the diet in the onset and progression of cardiovascular diseases. The effect of unbalanced diets on the cardiovascular system is considered one of the most important risk factors both for ischemic and degenerative myocardial pathologies. The concept that nutrigenomics could help in improving public and personal health is becoming tangible indicating future directions for basic and applied research in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease.