Shoulder Tip Pain Following Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy—a Randomized Control Study to Determine the Cause

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of low-pressure pneumoperitoneum and duration of surgery in laparoscopic cholecystectomy on postoperative shoulder tip pain. A total of 100 patients were assigned into two groups depending on the intraperitoneal pressure during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Group A included patients in whom the intraperitoneal pressure was 13–15 mm of Hg and group B included patients who underwent surgery at 10–12 mmHg. Each group was then subdivided into two subgroups depending on the duration of surgery. In the first subgroup, the duration of surgery was less than 1 h and the next subgroup included patients who took more than 1 h. Presence or absence of shoulder tip pain was recorded within 4 h, at 24 h, and at 48 h. Total number of patients having shoulder tip pain in the lower pneumoperitoneal group was more than the higher pneumoperitoneal group in both subgroups, P values >0.05. More patients in the <1 h subgroup had shoulder tip pain as compared to the >1 h group at both pneumoperitoneal groups, P values >0.05. Shoulder tip pain was most at 24 h and gradually decreased thereafter. In our study, intra-abdominal pressures and shorter duration of surgery were factors unrelated to incidence of shoulder tip pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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