An organic solvent-tolerant alkaline lipase from Streptomyces sp. CS268 and its application in biodiesel production
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- Mander, P., Cho, S.S., Simkhada, J.R. et al. Biotechnol Bioproc E (2012) 17: 67. doi:10.1007/s12257-011-0347-5
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In an effort to identify a microbial lipase that can catalyze transesterification reactions used in biodiesel production, an organic solvent-tolerant lipase was purified from Streptomyces sp. CS268. The molecular weight of the purified lipase was estimated to be 37.5 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The lipase showed highest activity at a temperature of 30°C and pH 8.0 while it was stable in the pH range 4.0 ∼ 9.0 and at temperatures ≤ 50°C. It showed the highest hydrolytic activity towards medium-length acyl chain p-nitrophenyl decanoate with Km and Vmax values of 0.59 mM and 319.5 mmol/mg/min, respectively. Also, the lipase showed non-position specificity for triolein hydrolysis. The purified lipase catalyzed transesterification reaction of soybean oil with methanol, suggesting that it can be a potential enzymatic catalyst for biodiesel production.