, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 440-444
Date: 10 Jan 2011

PrP 106-126 Altered PrP mRNA gene expression in mouse microglia BV-2 Cells

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Prion diseases are infectious and fatal neurodegenerative diseases. The pathogenic agent is an abnormal prion protein aggregate. Microglial activation in the centre nervous system is a characteristic feature of prion disease. In this study, we examined the effect of PrP 106–126 on PrP mRNA gene expression in Mouse microglia cells BV-2 by real-time quantitative PCR. PrP mRNA expression level was found to be significantly increased after 18 h exposure of BV-2 cells to PrP 106–126, with 3-fold increase after 18 h and 4.5-fold increase after 24 h and BV-2 cells proliferating occurred correspondingly. Our results provide the first in vitro evidence of the increase of PrP mRNA levels in microglial cells exposed to PrP 106–126, and indicate that microglial cells might play a critical role in prion pathogenesis.

Foundation items: National Natural Science Foundations of China (30871854); National Science and Technology Supporting Program of China (2006BAD06A13).