Field trials of CpGV virus isolates overcoming resistance to CpGV-M
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) has been used for many years as biological agent for codling moth control in apple orchards. Resistance to the Mexican strain of CpGV was detected in orchards in Germany, France and Italy. A laboratory insect colony was started from insects collected in a French resistant orchard. It was named RGV. Various virus isolates were identified as active against this resistant insect colony. Field tests were carried out in 2007 to test if the two virus isolates CpGV-I12 and NPP-R1 were effective in the field. Although these virus isolates were not able to reduce insect caused fruit damages, they significantly reduced the overwintering insect populations. NPP-R1 was subjected to eight passages on RGV larvae (NPP-R1.8) that improved its biological activity on RGV larvae. 2008 field trials were set up to test this improved virus strain, compared to CpGV-I12 and Madex plus active on RGV. These tests confirmed the ability to control both in susceptible and resistant insect populations.
- Asser-Kaiser S, Fritsch E, Undorf-Spahn K, et al. 2007. Rapid emergence of baculovirus resistance in codling moth due to dominant, sex-linked inheritance. Science, 317: 1916–1918. CrossRef
- Berling M, Blachère-Lopez C, Soubabere O, et al. 2009. Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) genotypes overcome virus resistance in the codling moth and improve virus efficiency by selection against resistant hosts. Appl Env Microbiol, 75: 925–930. CrossRef
- Eberle K E, Asser-Kaiser S, Sayed S M, et al. 2008. Overcoming the resistance of codling moth against conventional Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV-M) by a new isolate CpGV-I12. J Invertebr Pathol, 98: 293–298. CrossRef
- Eberle K E, Jehle JA. 2006. Field resistance of codling moth against Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) is autosomal and incompletely dominant inherited. J Invertebr Pathol, 93: 201–206. CrossRef
- Fritsch E, Undorf-Spahn K, Kienzle J, et al. 2005. Apfelwickler-Granulovirus: Erste Hinweise auf Unterschiede in der Empfindlichkeit lokaler Apfelwickler-Populationen (Codling moth granulovirus: First indication of variations in the susceptibility of local codling moth populations). Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 57: 29–34.
- Huber J. 1986. Use of baculoviruses in pest management programs. In: The biology of Baculoviruses (Granados R R, Federici B A. ed.), Vol II, Fl, Boca Raton: CRC Press. p181–202.
- Kienzle J, Zimmer J, Volk F, et al. 2008. Field tests with Madex Plus against CpGV-resistant codling moth populations in organic orchards in 2006. In: Ecofruit-13th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference (Boos, Markus, Eds), Weinsberg, Germany. p339–349.
- Lacey L A, Thompson D, Vincent C, et al. 2008. Codding moth granulovirus: a comprehensive review. Biocontrol Sci Techn, 18: 639–663. CrossRef
- Rezapanah M, Shojai-Estabragh S, Hüber J, et al. 2008. Molecular and biological characterization of new isolates of Cydia pomonella granulovirus from Iran. J Pest Sci, 81: 187–191. CrossRef
- Sauphanor B, Berling M, Toubon J F, et al. 2006. Carpocapse des pommes: cas de résistance au virus de la granulose en vergers biologiques. Phytoma, la défense des végétaux, 590: 24–27.
- Tanada Y. 1964. A granuloses virus of the Codling moth, Carpocapsa pomonella (Linnaeus) (Olethreutidae, Lepidoptera). J Invertebr Pathol, 6: 378–380.
- Zingg D. 2008. Madex Plus and Madex I12 overcome Virus Resistance of Codling Moth. In: Ecofruit-13th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference (Boos, Markus, Eds), Weinsberg, Germany. p256–260.
- Field trials of CpGV virus isolates overcoming resistance to CpGV-M
Volume 24, Issue 5 , pp 470-477
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- SP Wuhan Institute of Virology, CAS
- Additional Links
- Cydia pomonella
- Codling moth
- Biological control
- Genotype selection
- Field trials
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Ecole des Mines d’Alès, LGEI, 30319, Alès, France
- 2. GRAB. Agroparc, 84914, Avignon Cedex 9, France
- 3. Arysta LifeScience, Route d’Artix, B.P. 80, 64150, Nogueres, France
- 4. NPP, Arysta LifeScience, 35, Avenue Léon Blum, 64000, Pau, France
- 5. Unité PSH, INRA. Agroparc, 84914, Avignon Cedex 9, France