Will Offshore Energy Face “Fair Winds and Following Seas”?: Understanding the Factors Influencing Offshore Wind Acceptance
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Most offshore energy studies have focused on measuring or explaining people’s perceptions of, and reactions to, specific installations. However, there are two different types of acceptance: one surrounds the siting of projects while the other surrounds a more general acceptance of offshore energy. Understanding what drives this second type of acceptance is important as governments have implemented new financial incentives and policies to support renewable energy development; however, citizens and government officials may be increasingly opposed to some of these support mechanisms. Our paper fills a void in the literature by using regression approaches to better understand how people’s evaluations of the benefits and costs of offshore wind impact their level of general acceptance for offshore wind, while controlling for other factors (e.g., demographics). This analysis should help policy makers, and individuals attempting to educate the general public about renewable energy, to better understand the important factors influencing people’s support or opposition to offshore wind energy initiatives.
- Acheson, J. 2012. Attitudes toward offshore wind power in the Midcoast Region of Maine. Maine Policy Review 21(2): 42–55.
- Allen, E., and C.A. Seaman. 2007. Likert scales and data analyses. Quality Progress 40: 64–65.
- American Council on Renewable Energy. 2010. Renewable Energy in Maine http://www.hpba.org/government-affairs/renewableenergy/pdfs/Maine.pdf. Accessed 1 February 2014.
- Anderson, M.W., C. Noblet, and M. Teisl. 2012. Our environment. A glimpse at what Mainers value. Maine Policy Review 21(1): 104–110.
- Bishop, I.D., and D.R. Miller. 2007. Visual assessment of off-shore wind turbines: The influence of distance, contrast, movement and social variables. Renewable Energy 32: 814–831. CrossRef
- Carrington, D. 2012. Local opposition to onshore windfarms has tripled, poll shows. The Guardian (February 29).
- Chervinsky, G. 2006. The State House news poll, May. Boston, MA: State House News Service. http://www.statehousenews.com/.
- Devine-Wright, P. 2005. Beyond NIMBYism: Towards an integrated framework for understanding public perceptions of wind energy. Wind Energy 7: 125–139. CrossRef
- Dillman, D.A., J.D. Smyth, and L.M. Christian. 2009. Internet, mail and mixed-mode surveys: The tailored design methods, 3rd ed. Hoboken: Wiley.
- DMR (Maine Department of Marine Resources). 2012. Preliminary 2012 commercial Maine landings by live pounds. http://www.maine.gov/dmr/commercialfishing/documents/2012PoundsPie.pdf. Accessed 12 April 2013.
- DSIRE (Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency). 2012a. Financial incentives for renewable energy. N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council. http://www.dsireusa.org/summarytables/finre.cfm. Accessed on 7 May 2012.
- DSIRE (Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency). 2012b. Rules, regulations & policies for renewable energy. N.C. Solar Center, N.C. State University and the Interstate Renewable Energy Council. http://www.dsireusa.org/summarytables/rrpre.cfm; Accessed on 7 May 2012.
- EIA (US Energy Information Administration). 2012. Maine state profile and energy estimates. http://www.eia.gov/state/?sid=ME. Accessed 12 April 2013.
- Firestone, J., and W. Kempton. 2007. Public opinion about large offshore wind power: Underlying factors. Energy Policy 35: 1584–1598. CrossRef
- Firestone, J., W. Kempton, and A. Krueger. 2009. Public acceptance of offshore wind power projects in the USA. Wind Energy 12: 183–202. CrossRef
- Firestone, J., W. Kempton, M.B. Lilley, and K. Samoteskul. 2012. Public acceptance of offshore wind power across regions and through time. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 55(10): 1369–1386. CrossRef
- Haggett, C. 2011. Understanding public responses to offshore wind power. Energy Policy 39: 503–510. CrossRef
- Island Institute. 2012. Economics of Offshore Wind Energy in Maine http://www.islandinstitute.org/documents/Economics_11x17_march21.pdf. Accessed 1 February 2014.
- Johansson, M., and T. Laike. 2007. Intention to respond to local wind turbines: The role of attitudes and visual perception. Wind Energy 10: 435–451. CrossRef
- Kempton, W., J. Firestone, J. Lilley, T. Rouleau, and P. Whitaker. 2005. The offshore wind power debate: Views from Cape Cod. Coastal Management 33: 119–149. CrossRef
- Kline, P. 1999. The handbook of psychological testing, 2nd ed. London: Routledge.
- Krueger, A.D., G.R. Parsons, and J. Firestone. 2011. Valuing the visual disamenity of offshore wind power projects at varying distances from the shore: An application on the Delaware shoreline. Land Economics 87(2): 268–283.
- Ladenburg, J. 2008. Attitudes towards on-land and off-shore wind power development in Denmark: Choice of development strategy. Renewable Energy 33: 111–118. CrossRef
- Ladenburg, J. 2009. Visual impact assessment of offshore wind farms and prior experience. Applied Energy 86(3): 380–387. CrossRef
- Ladenburg, J. 2010. Attitudes towards offshore wind farms—The role of beach visits on attitude and demographic and attitude relations. Energy Policy 38: 1297–1304. CrossRef
- Ladenburg, J., and B. Moller. 2011. Attitude and acceptance of offshore wind farms—The influence of travel time and wind farm attributes. United States Association for Energy Economics and the International Association for Energy Economics Working Paper, USAEE-IAEE WP 11-079.
- Ladenburg, J., and A. Dubgaard. 2009. Preferences of coastal zone user groups regarding the siting of offshore wind farms. Ocean and Coastal Management 52: 233–242. CrossRef
- Lilley, B.L., J. Firestone, and W. Kempton. 2010. The effect of wind power installations on coastal tourism. Energies 3: 1–22. CrossRef
- Marrinan, S.J. 2012. Evaluating the influence of Maine residency on support for energy investments and private behavior: Two economic choice studies. M.S. thesis, The Graduate School, The University of Maine, August.
- McCartney, A. 2006. The social value of seascapes in the Jurien Bay Marine Park: An assessment of positive and negative preferences for change. Journal of Agricultural Economics 57(3): 577–594. CrossRef
- Miller, K. 2012. LePage’s wind power stance stirs discomfort. Bangor Daily News 5/28.
- Morison, S.L. 2012. US Department of the Navy, Naval Historical Center, Washington DC http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/nhc/fairwinds.htm . Accessed 3 July 2012.
- MRSA 35-A (Maine Revised Statute Title 35-A). Public utilities heading: PL 1987, C. 141, Pt. A, §6 (new). http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/35-A/title35-A.pdf. Accessed on 7 May 2012.
- NWW (National Wind Watch). 2011. Groups opposed to Kibby wind project to protest LURC meeting January 4, 2011. http://www.wind-watch.org/news/2011/01/04/groups-opposed-to-kibby-wind-project-to-protest-lurc-meeting/. Accessed 9 May 2012.
- Nyborg, K. 2000. Homo economicus and Homo politicus: Interpretation and aggregation of environmental values. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 42(3): 305–322. CrossRef
- Schalit N. 2010. Some who created wind-power fast track now questioning the goals they set. Bangor Daily News (Aug. 09). http://bangordailynews.com/2010/08/09/news/some-who-created-windpower-fast-track-now-questioning-the-goals-they-set/. Accessed 9 May 2012.
- Seelye, K.Q. 2013. A proposal for a propane tank looms large over a Maine coastal town. The New York Times (Feb. 22, 2013). http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/23/us/proposed-propane-tank-cleaves-searsport-me.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0. Accessed 18 April 2012.
- Smith, H., and L. Lindenfeld. In press. Making media studies engaged: A look at methods, approaches and opportunities for change. Environmental Communication: A Journal of Nature & Culture.
- Thøgersen, J., and C.L. Noblet. 2012. Does green consumerism increase the acceptance of windpower? Energy Policy 51: 854–862. CrossRef
- Waldo, A. 2012. Offshore wind power in Sweden—A qualitative analysis of attitudes with particular focus on opponents. Energy Policy 41: 692–702. CrossRef
- Williams, D.R., and J.J. Vaske. 2003. The measurement of place attachment: Validity and generalizability of a psychometric approach. Forest Science 49(6): 830–840.
- Wolsink, M. 2007. Wind power implementation: The nature of public attitudes: equity and fairness instead of ‘backyard motives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 11: 1188–1207. CrossRef
- Wolsink, M. 2010. Near-shore wind power-protected seascapes, environmentalists’ attitudes, and the technocratic planning perspective. Land Use Policy 27(2): 195–203. CrossRef
- Will Offshore Energy Face “Fair Winds and Following Seas”?: Understanding the Factors Influencing Offshore Wind Acceptance
Estuaries and Coasts
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Offshore wind power
- Public acceptance
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Economics, University of Maine, Orono, ME, 04469, USA
- 2. Department of Psychology, University of Maine, Orono, ME, 04469, USA
- 3. US EPA National Center for Environmental Economics, Washington, DC, USA
- 4. School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME, 04469, USA
- 5. Island Institute, Maine, Rockland, ME, 04841, USA
- 6. Business Administration, University of Maine–Augusta, Augusta, ME, 04330, USA