Malombe, I. & Darbyshire, I. Kew Bull (2010) 65: 443. doi:10.1007/s12225-010-9226-z
Following a re-examination of the material treated under Barleria brevispina (Fiori) Hedrén in the recent Flora of Somalia account of the Acanthaceae, it is concluded that two distinct species are involved and Barleria compacta Malombe & I. Darbysh. is described here from north-eastern Somalia. Its affinities and conservation status are discussed.