Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 167–176

Electrospinning of silk nanofibers. I. An investigation of nanofiber morphology and process optimization using response surface methodology

  • Nasim Amiraliyan
  • Mahdi Nouri
  • Mohammad Haghighat Kish
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12221-009-0167-9

Cite this article as:
Amiraliyan, N., Nouri, M. & Kish, M.H. Fibers Polym (2009) 10: 167. doi:10.1007/s12221-009-0167-9

Abstract

Ultra fine fibers were electrospun from regenerated silk fibroin/formic acid solution. Effect of some process parameters on the morphology, diameter and variation in fiber diameter of electrospun fibers were experimentally investigated. Scanning electron microscope was used for the measurement of fiber diameter. Fibers with diameter ranging from 80 to 210 nm were collected depending on the solution concentration and the applied voltages. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to obtain a quantitative relationship between selected electrospinning parameters and the average fiber diameters and its distribution. It was shown that concentration of silk fibroin solution had a significant effect on the fiber diameter and the standard deviation of the fiber diameter. Applied voltage had no significant effect on the fiber diameter and its standard deviation.

Keywords

BiopolymerElectron microscopyMorphologyProteinNanofiberStatistical analysis

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nasim Amiraliyan
    • 1
  • Mahdi Nouri
    • 1
  • Mohammad Haghighat Kish
    • 2
    • 1
  1. 1.Textile DepartmentGuilan UniversityRashtIran
  2. 2.Textile DepartmentAmirKabir University of TechnologyTehranIran