Fibers and Polymers

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 416–422

Mechanical properties of flax-g-poly(methyl acrylate) reinforced phenolic composites

  • Susheel Kalia
  • B. S. Kaith
  • Sanjeev Sharma
  • Bandna Bhardwaj
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12221-008-0067-4

Cite this article as:
Kalia, S., Kaith, B.S., Sharma, S. et al. Fibers Polym (2008) 9: 416. doi:10.1007/s12221-008-0067-4

Abstract

In order to develop composites with better mechanical properties and environmental performance, it becomes necessary to increase the hydrophobicity of the natural fibers and to improve the interface between matrix and natural fibers. Graft copolymerization of natural fibers is one of the best methods to attain these improvements. Only few workers have reported the use of graft copolymers as reinforcing material in the preparation of composites. So in the present paper, we report the preparation of graft copolymers of flax fibers with methyl acrylate (MA) using Fenton’s reagent (FAS-H2O2) as redox system. Synthesized flax-g-poly(MA) was characterized with FTIR, TGA/DTA, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Composites were prepared using flax-g-poly(MA) as a reinforcement and phenolformaldehyde (PF) as the binding material. Mechanical properties of phenol-formaldehyde composites were compared and it has been found that composites reinforced with flax-g-poly(MA) showed improvement in mechanical properties. Composites reinforced with flax-g-poly(MA) showed better tensile strength (235 N) and compressive strength (814 N) in comparison to composites reinforced with original flax fiber which showed lesser tensile strength (162 N) and compressive strength (372 N). Composites reinforced with flax-g-poly(MA) shows the improved MOR, MOE, and SP.

Keywords

Fiber Flax-g-poly(MA) Composite Mechanical properties 

Copyright information

© The Korean Fiber Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susheel Kalia
    • 2
  • B. S. Kaith
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sanjeev Sharma
    • 2
  • Bandna Bhardwaj
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryDr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of TechnologyJalandharIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySinghania UniversityJhunjhunuIndia

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