Molten salt synthesis of (K0.47Na0.47Li0.06)NbO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics
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- Li, J., Sun, Q. & Ma, W. Trans. Tianjin Univ. (2010) 16: 152. doi:10.1007/s12209-010-0028-z
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(K0.47Na0.47Li0.06)NbO3 (KNLN) lead-free ceramics were prepared by molten salt synthesis (MSS) method using k2CO3-Na2CO3 eutectic mixtures as the flux. The microstructure and piezoelectric properties when sintered at 980–1 030 °C were investigated. The calcined powders were examined by X-ray diffraction. The microstructure of the calcined powders and sintered bodies was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM).The piezoelectric constant d33 was measured using a quasi-static piezoelectric d33 meter. The planar coupling coefficient Kp was calculated by resonance-antiresonance method. The experimental data for each sample’s performance indicators were the average values of 8 specimens. The relative densities of sintered specimens are above 97%, and the dielectric loss is below 0.03. It was found that (K0.47Na0.47Li0.06)NbO3 prepared by MSS is compact and lead-free. The piezoelectric constant d33 is 216 pC·N−1 and the planar electromechanical coupling factor Kp is 0.352.