Abbott, J., Johnson, R., Koziol-McLain, J., et al. (1995). Domestic violence against women: Incidence and prevalence in an emergency department population. J Am Med Assoc, 273
Allen, J. G. (1995). Coping with trauma: A guide to self-understanding. Washington: American Psychiatric Press.
American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed.). Washington: American Psychiatric Association.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Orders (4th ed.). Washington: American Psychiatric Association.
Blitz, C. L., Wolff, N., Pan, K., & Pogorzelski, W. (2005). Gender-specific behavioral health and community release patterns among New Jersey prison inmates: Implications for treatment and community reentry. Am J Public Health, 95
Bloom, B., Owen, B., & Covington, S. (2003). Gender-responsive strategies: Research, practice, and guiding principles for women offenders. Washington: National Institute of Corrections, US Department of Justice.
Breslau, N. (2002). Gender differences in trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. J Gend-Specif Med, 5
Breslau, N., Kessler, R. C., Chilcoat, H. D., et al. (1998). Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: Detroit area survey of trauma. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 55
Bromet, E., Sonnega, A., & Kessler, R. C. (1998). Risk factors for DSM-III-R posttraumatic stress disorder: Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey. Am J Epidemiol, 147
Brown, A., Miller, A., & Maguin, E. (1999). Prevalence and severity of lifetime physical and sexual victimization among incarcerated women. Int J Law Psychiatry, 22
Chilcoat, M. D., & Breslau, N. (1998). Posttraumatic stress disorder and drug disorders: Testing causal pathways. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 559, 13–17.
Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 1974 (PL 93-237). Available at: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/laws_policies/cblaws/capta/index.htm
, Accessed on: Jan 10, 2009.
Children's Bureau (2008). Maltreatment types of victims, 2006. Children's Bureau, US Department of Health and Human Services
Covington, S. S. (2003). A woman’s journey home: Challenges for female offenders. In J. Travis & M. Waul (Eds.), Prisoners once removed (pp. 67–104). Washington: Urban Institute Press.
Crisanti, A.S., Frueh B.C., Gundaya, D., Salvail, F.R., & Triffleman, E. 2010. Racial disparities in sexual assault among Asian-Americans and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry (in press)
Davidson, J. R., Hughes, D., Blazer, D. G., et al. (1991). Post-traumatic stress disorder in the community: An epidemiological study. Psychol Med, 21
Eisenstat, S., & Bancroft, L. (1999). Domestic violence. N Engl J Med, 341
Fletcher, B. R., Shaver, L. D., & Moon, D. G. (1993). Women prisoners: A forgotten population. Portsmouth: Greenwood.
Foa, E. B. (2006). Psychosocial therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder. J Clin Psychiatry, 67
(Suppl. 2), 40–45.PubMed
GAINS. (2002). The prevalence of co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders in jail. Delmar: National GAINS Center for People with Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Girshick, L. B. (2003). Abused women and incarceration. In B. H. Zaitzow & J. Thomas (Eds.), Women in prison: Gender and social control (pp. 95–118). London: Lynne Rienner.
Greenfeld, L. & Snell, T.L. (December 1999). Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report: Women Offenders. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice, NCJ 175688.
Grubaugh, A. L., Magruder, K. M., Waldrop, A. E., Elhai, J. D., Knapp, R. G., & Frueh, B. C. (2005). Subthreshold PTSD in primary care: Prevalence, psychiatric disorders, healthcare use, and functional status. J Nerv Ment Dis, 193
Hartwell, S. W. (2001). Female mentally ill offenders and their community reintegration needs: An initial examination. Int J Law Psychiatry, 24
Herman, J. L. (1992). Trauma and recovery: The aftermath of violence—from domestic abuse to political terror. New York: Basic Books.
Helzer, J. E., Robins, L. N., & McEvoy, L. (1987). Post-traumatic stress disorder in the general population: Findings of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Survey. N Engl J Med, 317
Kessler, R. C., Sonnega, A., Bromet, E., et al. (1995). Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 52
James, D.J., & Glaze, L.E. (September 2006). Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report: Mental Health Problems of Prison and Jail Inmates. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, US Department of Justice, NCJ 213600.
Krug, E.G., Dahlberg, J.A., Mercy, J.A., et al. (Eds.) (2002). World health report on violence and health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization. Available at http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/violence/world_report/en/
. Accessed on: May 25, 2008.
Lasiuk, G. C., & Hegadoren, K. M. (2006). Posttraumatic stress disorder: Development of the construct within the North American psychiatric taxonomy. Perspect Psychiatr Care, 42
London, K., Bruck, M., Ceci, S. J., & Shuman, D. W. (2005). Disclosure of child sexual abuse: What does the research tell us about the ways that children tell? Psychol Public Policy Law, 11
Magruder, K. M., Frueh, B. C., Knapp, R. G., Johnson, M. R., Vaughan, J. A., Carson, T. C., et al. (2004). PTSD symptoms, demographic characteristics, and functional status among veterans treated in VA primary care clinics. J Trauma Stress, 17
Najavits, L. M. (2002). Seeking safety: A new psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder. In P. Ouimette & P. Brown (Eds.), Trauma and substance abuse: Causes, consequences, and treatment of comorbid disorders (pp. 147–170). Washington: American Psychological Association Press.
New Jersey Reentry Roundtable. (2003). Coming home for good: Meeting the challenge of prisoner reentry in New Jersey: Final report of the New Jersey Reentry Roundtable. Newark: New Jersey Institute for Social Justice.
Norris, F. H., Friedman, M. J., & Watson, P. J. (2002). 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. an empirical review of the empirical literature, 1981–2001. Psychiatry, 65
Peters, R. H., & Matthews, C. O. (2003). Substance abuse treatment programs in prisons and jails. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. (2003). Achieving the promise: Transforming mental health care in America. Rockville: President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health.
Schnurr, P. P., & Green, B. L. (Eds.). (2004). Trauma and health: Physical health consequences of exposure to extreme stress. Washington: American Psychological Association.
Teplin, L., Abram, J. M., & McClelland, G. M. (1996). Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among incarcerated women: Pretrial jail detainees. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 53
Terr, L. C. (2003). Childhood traumas: An outline and overview. Focus, 1, 322–333.
Tjaden, P., & Thoennes, N. (1998). Prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women: Findings from the national violence against women survey. Research in Brief. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
Wolff, N. (2008). Rebuilding “Person-First” reentry strategies for women leaving prison from the perspectives of the end users: The returning women. In R. Gido, L. Dalley, & D. McDonald (Eds.), Women’s mental health issues across the criminal justice system (pp. 226–243). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
Wolff, N., & Shi, J. (2010). Trauma and incarcerated person. In C. L. Scott (Ed.), Handbook of correctional mental health (2nd ed., pp. 277–320). Washington: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.
Wolff, N., & Shi, J. (2009). Victimization and feelings of safety among male and female inmates with behavioral health problems. J Forensic Psychol, 20
((1), Supplement 1), S56–S77.CrossRef
Wolff, N., Blitz, C. L., Shi, J., Bachman, R., & Siegel, J. (2006). Sexual violence inside prisons: Rates of victimization. J Urban Health, 83
Wolff, N., Blitz, C., & Shi, J. (2007a). Rates of sexual victimization inside prison for inmates with and without mental disorder. Psychiatr Serv, 58
Wolff, N., Blitz, C. L., Shi, J., Siegel, J. A., & Bachman, R. (2007b). Physical violence inside prisons: Rates of victimization. Crim Justice and Behav, 34
Wolff, N., Shi, J., & Siegel, J. (2009). Patterns of victimization among male and female inmates: Evidence of an enduring legacy. Violence and victims, 24(4), 469–484.